U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Diabetes A-Z

Diabetes topics are listed in alphabetical order. Select a letter to locate a disease or condition, diagnostic test, or anatomy topic.

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) conducts, supports, and coordinates research on many of the most serious diseases affecting public health. The NIDDK cannot provide medical advice for individuals. The information provided here is informed by NIDDK research, reviewed by doctors, and provided to help you understand more about the diseases and conditions you or your loved ones may face. The NIDDK is part of the National Institutes of Health, the medical research agency of the United States.​​
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4 Steps to Manage Your Diabetes for Life

These four steps help people with diabetes understand, monitor, and manage their diabetes to help them stay healthy. This publication is excellent for people newly diagnosed with diabetes or who just want to learn more about controlling the disease.


About Low Blood Glucose

Describes the types of diabetes medicines and their effects on blood glucose. Provides questions to ask providers, a personal medication record, and a guide for treating low blood glucose.

Actos and Avandia (Thiazolidinediones)

Describes the types of diabetes medicines and their effects on blood glucose. Provides questions to ask providers, a personal medication record, and a guide for treating low blood glucose.

Adult-onset Diabetes


African Americans (from the Office of Minority Health)

Provides statistics on African Americans with diabetes, including death rates, risk factors, and treatment.


Alimentación y la diabetes (Eating and Diabetes)


Alternative Devices for Taking Insulin

Describes ways to take insulin, the artificial pancreas, and continuous glucose monitoring and insulin delivery systems.


Am I at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes? Taking Steps to Lower Your Risk of Getting Diabetes

Defines diabetes and reviews signs and symptoms of the disease. Discusses the risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes and ways it can be prevented.

Am I at Risk?

If you have wondered or possibly been told that you are at risk for developing diabetes or that you have prediabetes, you should know that diabetes prevention is proven, possible, and powerful.

Amaryl, DiaBeta, Diabinese, Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL, Glynase PresTab, Micronase, tolazamide, and tolbutamide (Sulfonylureas)

Describes the types of diabetes medicines and their effects on blood glucose. Provides questions to ask providers, a personal medication record, and a guide for treating low blood glucose.

American Indians and Alaska Natives (from the Office of Minority Health)

Provides statistics on American Indians and Alaska Natives with diabetes, including death rates, risk factors, and treatment.



Asian Americans and Pacific Islander Americans (from the Office of Minority Health)

Provides statistics on Asian Americans and Pacific Islander Americans with diabetes, including death rates, risk factors, and treatment.



B


Be Active When You Have Diabetes

Very easy-to-read materials help people with diabetes learn about the benefits of being physically active and ways to increase their activity level.

Be Smart About Your Heart: Manage the ABCs of Diabetes

While most people may think about diabetes-related health problems such as kidney disease, blindness and amputation, adults with diabetes are nearly two times more likely to die from heart disease or stroke than a person without diabetes.



Blood Glucose and Diabetes

  • Know Your Blood Sugar Numbers




  • Byetta (Incretin Mimetic)

    Describes the types of diabetes medicines and their effects on blood glucose. Provides questions to ask providers, a personal medication record, and a guide for treating low blood glucose.

    C

    Capacity Building for Diabetes Outreach: A Comprehensive Tool Kit for Organizations Serving Asian and Pacific Islander Communities

    This tool kit was designed to help community-based organizations and community health centers develop organizational capacity to deliver diabetes prevention and control programs within Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) communities.



    Causes of Diabetes

    Causes of type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Describes genetic, environmental, and other factors associated with the development of diabetes.



    Choose More than 50 Ways to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

    This tip sheet helps African Americans at risk for type 2 diabetes find ways to move more, make healthy food choices, and track their progress with making lifestyle changes to lower their risk.


    Chronic Kidney Disease: What Does it Mean for Me?

    This brochure explains the basics of chronic kidney disease for people who were recently diagnosed.

    Clinical Practice Tools

    ​Clinical Practice Tools




    Comparing Tests for Diabetes and Prediabetes

    Provides a concise summary for health care providers of blood tests for diabetes and prediabetes, covering uses, technical features, and pros and cons of different tests.

    Continuous Glucose Monitoring

    Describes devices that check blood glucose levels continuously. Describes the artificial pancreas and potential continuous glucose monitoring and insulin delivery systems.



    D

    Daily Diabetes Record

    Daily Diabetes Record



    Devices for Taking Insulin




    Diabetes and Kidney Disease



    Diabetes and Your Heart Infographic (English)

    Check out NDEP’s "Diabetes and Your Heart" infographic to learn about the ABCs of diabetes and how diabetes affects your heart. Share the infographic with your followers on Facebook and Twitter, or embed the infographic to your blog or website.


    Diabetes Causes


    Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT)

    Describes the results of the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial, conducted by the NIDDK from 1983 to 1993, and the Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications study.

    Diabetes in America, 2nd Edition

    Provides comprehensive data on diabetes and its complications in the United States.

    Diabetes Inspidus

    Explains how working kidneys contribute to healthy bones and why kidney disease can lead to bone problems. Covers diagnosis and treatment of chronic kidney disease.



    Diabetes Organizations

    The directory lists Government agencies and voluntary associations that provide diabetes information and resources available from the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse.


    Diabetes Prevention Program

    The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) was a major multicenter clinical research study aimed at discovering whether modest weight loss through dietary changes and increased physical activity or treatment with the oral diabetes drug metformin (Glucophage) could prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes in study participants.


    Diabetes Resources Catalog With Special Resources for Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders

    All of NDEP’s AANHPI diabetes education resources also are available on a convenient CD that allows you to search for relevant resources by disease status, language, and audience. CDs are available by contacting Judith McDivitt at JMcDivitt@CDC.gov

    Diabetes Resources for Older Adults

    Caregivers and health care professionals of older adults may also find helpful tools to enhance their understanding of issues that affect this population.

    Diabetes Statistics

    ​Sources for statistics on diabetes.


    Diabetes, Heart Disease, and Stroke

    Describes the relationship between heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Provides information about risk factors, prevention, types of heart disease, diagnosis, and treatment.




    Diabetic Kidney Disease

    Explains how diabetes can lead to chronic kidney disease and reviews the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatments for diabetic kidney disease. This publication is also available in Spanish.

    Diabetic Neuropathies: The Nerve Damage of Diabetes

    Reviews the causes and symptoms of diabetic neuropathy and explains the different types of neuropathies: peripheral, autonomic, proximal, and focal. Diagnosis and treatment are also discussed.


    Diagnosis of Diabetes and Prediabetes

    Contains general information about diabetes and prediabetes and how they are diagnosed. Discusses risk factors, recommendations for when to be tested, evaluation of body mass index, and steps to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes.

    Diagnostic Testing for Diabetes and Prediabetes (for Health Care Professionals)





    E




    F


    Family Health History and Diabetes

    Family health history is an important risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes.



    Financial Help for Diabetes Care

    Reviews private health insurance, government health insurance, and other health care services for people with diabetes. Lists organizations and local resources that address various financial concerns.


    For People of African, Mediterranean, or Southeast Asian Heritage: Important Information about Diabetes Blood Tests

    Describes hemoglobin variants how they can cause false results for the A1C test. Discusses how false results can affect diabetes diagnosis and care in people with hemoglobin variants.

    Fotonovela: Do it for them! But for you too. (¡Hazlo por ellos! Pero por ti también.)

    A bilingual (Spn/Eng) fotonovela featuring dramatic stories of Latinas talking to Latinas about preventing or delaying type 2 diabetes and being healthy for their children and themselves.


    G

    GAME PLAN for Preventing Type 2 Diabetes

    A Toolkit for Health Care Professionals and Teams

    Gastroparesis

    Defines gastroparesis and describes the symptoms, diagnosis, complications, and treatment.



    Gestational Diabetes Causes

    Defines diabetes and discusses the causes of type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Describes genetic, environmental, and other factors associated with the development of diabetes. Causes of Diabetes


    Glaucoma

    Links to Facts About Diabetic Retinopathy from the National Eye Institute

    Glucophage, Glucophage XR, and Riomet (Biguanides)

    Describes the types of diabetes medicines and their effects on blood glucose. Provides questions to ask providers, a personal medication record, and a guide for treating low blood glucose.





    Glyset and Precose (Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitors)

    Describes the types of diabetes medicines and their effects on blood glucose. Provides questions to ask providers, a personal medication record, and a guide for treating low blood glucose.

    Guiding Principles for the Care of People With or at Risk for Diabetes

    These Guiding Principles aim to identify and synthesize areas of general agreement among existing guidelines to help guide primary care providers and health care teams to deliver quality care to adults with or at risk for diabetes.

    H

    Have Diabetes. Will Travel.

    Whenever you travel, your diabetes comes along with you. While having diabetes should not stop you from traveling, you will need to do some careful planning. Here are some helpful diabetes travel tips.

    Heart Disease and Diabetes



    Helping the Student with Diabetes Succeed: A Guide for School Personnel

    This comprehensive resource guide helps students with diabetes, their health care team, school staff, and parents work together to provide optimal diabetes management in the school setting.



    Hispanics/Latinos (from the Office of Minority Health)

    Provides statistics on Hispanics and Latinos with diabetes, including death rates, risk factors, and treatment.

    How Diabetes Affects Children (Infographic)

    Check out NDEP?s ?How Diabetes Affects Children? infographic. Share the infographic with your followers on Facebook and Twitter, or embed the infographic to your blog or website.

    How Diabetes Affects Minority Groups Infographic

    Check out NDEP’s “How Diabetes Affects Minority Groups” infographic.

    How Diabetes Affects Older Adults Infographic

    Share the infographic with your social media follows, embed it on your blog or website, or print it to use as a handout or poster.


    Hypertension and Kidney Disease


    Hypoglycemia

    Defines and explains the causes, symptoms, prevention, and treatment of hypoglycemia. Focuses on controlling hypoglycemia in people with diabetes but also discusses hypoglycemia in people without diabetes.

    I

    I Can Lower MY Risk for Type 2 Diabetes: A Guide for American Indians

    Targeted to American Indians and defines diabetes and reviews the signs and symptoms. Discusses the risk factors type 2 diabetes and ways it can be prevented. Am I at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes? Taking Steps to Lower Your Risk of Getting Diabetes

    IGA Nephropathy

    Defines IgA nephropathy, an autoimmune disease that affects the kidneys. Discusses causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.


    Incontinence in Men



    Insulin (See What I need to know about Diabetes Medicines)




    Insulin Resistance and Prediabetes

    Defines insulin resistance and prediabetes and describes diagnosis. Lists ways to treat these conditions to help avoid developing diabetes.

    Insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus




    It’s Never Too Early…To Prevent Diabetes

    If you had gestational diabetes when you were pregnant, you and your child have a lifelong risk for getting diabetes.

    J

    Januvia (DPP-4-Inhibitor)

    Describes the types of diabetes medicines and their effects on blood glucose. Provides questions to ask providers, a personal medication record, and a guide for treating low blood glucose.

    K


    Kidney Disease of Diabetes

    Explains kidney disease, including causes and its progression to kidney failure. Highlights the findings of the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial as they relate to kidney disease.

    Kidney Disease: What African Americans Need to Know

    This brochure highlights key facts about the impact of kidney disease on African Americans and statistics related to kidney disease in the United States.


    Know Your Blood Sugar Numbers

    Learn more about the importance of knowing your blood sugar numbers. This publication contains information on the A1C test, self-monitoring blood sugar, and working with a health care team to set blood sugar targets and reach them.


    L




    Living a Balanced Life with Diabetes: A Toolkit Addressing Psychosocial Issues for American Indian and Alaska Native Peoples

    A compilation of resources for American Indian and Alaska Native Peoples about diabetes. Resources include materials about general nutrition, psychosocial issues, substance abuse prevention, tobacco use, and a list of books on the subject.

    Living With Diabetes

    If you are living with diabetes or have a loved with the disease, it's important to work together to manage diabetes to stay healthy and prevent complications. Managing diabetes is not easy, but support from family members can make it much easier.

    Low Blood Glucose


    Low Vision

    Links to Facts About Diabetic Retinopathy from the National Eye Institute

    M





    Medical Therapies for Diabetes

    Complementary and Alternative Medical Therapies for Diabetes - National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse






    Mineral and Bone Disorder in Chronic Kidney Disease

    Explains how working kidneys contribute to healthy bones and why kidney disease can lead to bone problems. Covers diagnosis and treatment of chronic kidney disease.


    Monitor Your Diabetes

    Describes the tests someone with diabetes can take to help improve their blood glucose targets to help prevent diabetes problems.

    Monogenic Forms of Diabetes: Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus and Maturity-onset Diabetes of the Young

    Describes rare forms of diabetes that result from mutations in a single gene. Discusses genetic testing and counseling. Provides information in tabular form for health care providers.

    MOVIMIENTO POR SU VIDA CD/DVD

    This lively music CD helps Hispanics and Latinos incorporate more movement into their lives. It features six original songs with empowering messages and strong Latin rhythms that urge listeners to move more. It is a fun way to show how movement can help prevent and manage diabetes. Use this music CD to encourage individuals or groups to exercise. BONUS FEATURE: this CD also contains a music video, Movimiento por su vida that can be viewed on a DVD player.

    My Diabetes Medicines

    Describes the types of diabetes medicines and their effects on blood glucose. Provides questions to ask providers, a personal medication record, and a guide for treating low blood glucose.

    N

    National Diabetes Education Program

    NDEP is a partnership of the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and more than 200 public and private organizations.

    National Diabetes Education Program's 15th Anniversary

    The NDEP is a unique partnership that brings together Federal agencies and a varied and diverse group of organizations and individuals addressing diabetes concerns.

    National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2014 (from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

    Provides up-to-date scientific data and statistics on diabetes and its burden in the United States.

    National Diabetes Statistics, 2014 (PDF, 5.44 MB)

    Provides statistics about diabetes in the United States.





    New Beginnings: A Discussion Guide for Living Well with Diabetes

    A resource to help group leaders lead discussions about the emotional side of living with diabetes, and help people with diabetes identify family and social support needs and develop goal setting, positive coping and problem solving skills.




    O


    Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)


    Organizations, Directory of Diabetes

    The directory lists Government agencies and voluntary associations that provide diabetes information and resources available from the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse.


    P

    Pancreatic Islet Transplantation

    Defines pancreatic islets and describes the process of pancreatic islet transplantation, an experimental procedure. Also discusses the risks and benefits of transplantation.

    Patient Education Resources

    ​Patient Education Resources






    Power to Prevent: A Family Lifestyle Approach to Diabetes Prevention

    Power To Prevent includes effective, step-by-step lesson plans to help African Americans with or at risk for diabetes to take control of their eating habits and engage in a more physically active lifestyle.

    Prandin (Meglitinide)

    Describes the types of diabetes medicines and their effects on blood glucose. Provides questions to ask providers, a personal medication record, and a guide for treating low blood glucose.



    Prevent Diabetes Problems

    Describes steps to prevent diabetes problems with the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, and nerves.


    Prevent diabetes problems: Keep your diabetes under control

    Helps patients learn about blood glucose management. Includes a comprehensive chart to record blood glucose levels and medicines and valuable checklists for health care visits.

    Prevent diabetes problems: Keep your eyes healthy

    Defines and illustrates the different parts of the eye and the various forms of eye damage that can result from diabetes. Explains how eye damage from diabetes can be prevented or delayed.

    Prevent diabetes problems: Keep your feet healthy

    Discusses how diabetes can lead to foot and skin problems. Illustrates the different foot problems that can occur. Provides tips about how people can prevent or delay foot and skin problems. This publication is also available in Spanish.

    Prevent diabetes problems: Keep your heart and blood vessels healthy

    Describes the role of the heart and blood vessels. Details the damage diabetes can cause to the heart and blood vessels and explains how to prevent and treat these complications. This publication is also available in Spanish.

    Prevent diabetes problems: Keep your kidneys healthy

    Explains kidney damage as a complication of diabetes and how kidney disease can be prevented, diagnosed, and treated.

    Prevent diabetes problems: Keep your mouth healthy

    Explains the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, complications, and treatment of diabetes-related problems in the mouth in an easy-to-read format. This publication is also available in Spanish.

    Prevent diabetes problems: Keep your nervous system healthy

    Describes the various parts of the nervous system and explains how uncontrolled diabetes can damage these individual components. Also explains how to prevent and treat these problems.

    Promoting Medication Adherence in Diabetes

    Resources to support health care professionals in promoting medication adherence among their patients and within their teams.

    Promotional Tools for Managing Diabetes

    Take advantage of the diabetes education resources and tools for Managing Diabetes.


    Q

    Questions and Answers About Diabetes

    This fact sheet answers key questions about diabetes and kidney health.

    Questions and Answers About the Kidneys and Kidney Disease

    This fact sheet answers important questions about the risk factors for kidney disease, testing, and what people can do to protect their kidneys.

    R



    S

    School Guide Promotional Tools

    Use these promotional tools to promote effective diabetes management in school settings.


    Self-monitoring of Blood Glucose (SMBG)

  • Know Your Blood Sugar Numbers

  • Sexual and Urologic Problems of Diabetes

    Describes the sexual and urologic problems that men and women with diabetes may experience. Provides information about causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.


    Sickle Cell Trait and Other Hemoglobinopathies and Diabetes: Important Information for Providers

    Explains how the A1C test can lead to misdiagnosis, overtreatment, or undertreatment of diabetes in people with hemoglobinopathies. Explains when to suspect a patient has a variant.


    Small Steps, Big Rewards. Prevent Type 2 Diabetes For Life. Campaign Overview

    Millions of Americans are at high risk for diabetes, a serious and costly disease that has reached epidemic proportions in the past 10 years. The good news: type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed.

    Small Steps. Big Rewards. Your GAME PLAN to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes: Information for Patients

    This three-booklet package helps people assess their risk for developing diabetes and implement a program to prevent or delay the onset of the disease and it includes an activity tracker and a fat and calorie counter.


    Spanish, Diabetes Publications

    Página de lista de recursos de la A a la Z proveída del Centro Coordinador Nacional de Información sobre la Diabetes.


    Starlix (D-Phenylalanine Derivative)

    Describes the types of diabetes medicines and their effects on blood glucose. Provides questions to ask providers, a personal medication record, and a guide for treating low blood glucose.

    Statistics about Diabetes

    Sources for statistics on diabetes.

    Step by step: Moving towards prevention of Type 2 Diabetes

    ​This lively music CD helps Hispanics and Latinos incorporate more movement into their lives. It features six original songs with empowering messages and strong Latin rhythms that urge listeners to move more. It is a fun way to show how movement can help prevent and manage diabetes.


    Stomach Nerve Damage




    Symlin (Amylin Mimetic)

    Describes the types of diabetes medicines and their effects on blood glucose. Provides questions to ask providers, a personal medication record, and a guide for treating low blood glucose.


    T

    Take Care of Your Diabetes during Special Times or Events

    Describes how someone with diabetes can be prepared during travel, work or school, pregnancy, natural disasters, and illness.

    Take Care of Your Diabetes Each Day

    Describes how to follow your healthy eating plan, be physically active, take medicines as prescribed, and monitor diabetes.

    Take Care of Your Feet for a Lifetime

    If you have diabetes, your feet need special attention. This booklet helps you care for your feet and provides tips to prevent serious foot problems.

    Take Small Steps to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

    When you take steps to prevent diabetes, you will also lower your risk for possible complications of diabetes such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, nerve damage, and other health problems.

    Taking Care of Your Diabetes Means Taking Care of Your Heart (Tip Sheet)

    This tip sheet encourages patients with diabetes to work with their health care team to set goals to manage A1C, blood pressure, and cholesterol to prevent heart problems. It also has a record form to track diabetes numbers.

    Tasty Recipes for People with Diabetes and Their Families

    Tasty Recipes is filled with recipes specifically designed for Latin Americans. This booklet was designed to dispel misunderstandings about healthy eating and teach Hispanics/Latinos how to adopt a tasty but nutritional meal plan that maintains the cultural uniqueness of their food.

    Teens and Diabetes

  • Youth and Teens



  • The A1C Test and Diabetes

    Defines and explains the A1C diabetes blood test. Discusses using the test for diagnosis of diabetes and prediabetes and monitoring of glucose levels in people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

    The Facts About Diabetes

    View facts, statistics, and infographics About Diabetes.

    The Road to Health Toolkit

    Materials designed for African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos at risk for type 2 diabetes to start a community outreach program reinforcing the message that type 2 diabetes can be delayed or prevented.





    Tips for Kids: Eating Healthy Foods

    This colorful, easy-to-read, reproducible tip sheet contains the basics about managing type 2 diabetes for children and their families. It also includes a list of resources where you can get more information for children.

    Tips for Teens with Diabetes: Be Active

    This colorful, easy-to-read, reproducible tip sheet contains the basics about managing type 2 diabetes for children and their families. It also includes a list of resources where you can get more information for children.

    Tips for Teens with Diabetes: Dealing With the Ups and Downs of Diabetes

    Feel good about yourself. Get help to deal with the ups and downs of diabetes. Seek support from other teens and take action to manage your diabetes - one step at a time.

    Tips for Teens with Diabetes: Make Healthy Food Choices

    Make healthy food choices to help reach your weight loss goal. There are many weight loss plans from which to choose.

    Tips for Teens: Lower Your Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

    If you have a family history of diabetes, or you’ve been told by a health care professional that you’re at risk for type 2 diabetes, you can prevent or delay the onset of the disease by losing 5 to 7 percent of your body weight.


    Transitions: From Pediatric to Adult Health Care

    Take advantage of the diabetes education resources and tools designed especially for health care professionals, business professionals engaged in planning and conducting business health strategies, and school personnel.

    Transplantation of Pancreatic Islet Cells


    Two Reasons I Find Time to Prevent Diabetes: My Future and Theirs

    This tip sheet can help Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders at risk for type 2 diabetes move more and eat less to lower their risk for diabetes.


    Type 1 Diabetes Causes

    Defines diabetes and discusses the causes of type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Describes genetic, environmental, and other factors associated with the development of diabetes. Causes of Diabetes


    Type 2 Diabetes Causes

    Defines diabetes and discusses the causes of type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Describes genetic, environmental, and other factors associated with the development of diabetes. Causes of Diabetes

    Types of Insulin

    Describes the types of diabetes medicines and their effects on blood glucose. Provides questions to ask providers, a personal medication record, and a guide for treating low blood glucose.

    U

    Urinary Incontinence in Children

    Discusses the causes of nighttime and daytime incontinence in children, describes medical and behavioral treatments, and lists resources for additional information.

    Urinary Incontinence in Men

    Explains how nerve problems, prostate enlargement, and treatments for prostate cancer can all cause urinary incontinence in men. Discusses causes, diagnosis, and available treatments.

    Urinary Incontinence in Women

    Discusses the anatomy of the female urinary system, defines the major types of incontinence in women, describes treatments, and lists resources for additional information.

    V

    Vesicoureteral Reflux

    Explains how urine may reflux, or flow backward, from the bladder to the kidneys. Describes tests and treatment for this condition.


    W

    We Have the Power to Prevent Diabetes

    Tips to help American Indians and Alaska Natives at risk for type 2 diabetes move more and eat less to lower their risk for diabetes.

    What I need to know about Bladder Control for Women

    Provides a comprehensive introduction to the causes, symptoms, and treatments for bladder control problems in women.

    What I need to know about Carbohydrate Counting and Diabetes

    Explains carbohydrate counting, a meal planning tool for people with diabetes to help control blood glucose levels.

    What I need to know about Diabetes Medicines

    Describes the types of diabetes medicines and their effects on blood glucose. Provides questions to ask providers, a personal medication record, and a guide for treating low blood glucose.

    What I Need to Know about Diabetes Medicines- Combination Diabetes

    Describes the types of diabetes medicines and their effects on blood glucose. Provides questions to ask providers, a personal medication record, and a guide for treating low blood glucose.

    What I need to know about Eating and Diabetes

    Provides an easy-to-read guide about the basics of meal planning for people with diabetes. Reviews nutrition basics, including what, when, and how much a person with diabetes should eat.

    What I need to know about Erectile Dysfunction

    Describes the physiology of erection and the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of erectile dysfunction.

    What I need to know about Gestational Diabetes

    Defines gestational diabetes, explains the causes and diagnosis, and outlines treatment. Includes strategies for preventing or delaying type 2 diabetes later in life. This publication is also available in Spanish.

    What I need to know about My Child's Bedwetting

    An easy-to-read booklet for parents. Explains why some children take longer to learn how to stay dry at night. Describes options for helping a child develop nighttime bladder control.

    What I need to know about Physical Activity and Diabetes

    Describes the benefits of physical activity and precautions for people with diabetes. Explains the types of activity and how to begin a program. Provides referrals to other resources. This publication is also available in Spanish.

    What I need to know about Preparing for Pregnancy if I Have Diabetes

    Explains in an easy-to-read format why and how women with diabetes should take care of themselves before, during, and after pregnancy. This publication is also available in Spanish.

    Working Together to Manage Diabetes: A Toolkit for Pharmacy, Podiatry, Optometry, and Dentistry (PPOD)

    Each section of the PPOD Guide provides a “quick course” on that health care specialty and its relation to diabetes. Because each section is written for professionals outside of that specialty, all team members who might care for a person with diabetes can collaborate and make cross-disciplinary treatment referrals. Inside the PPOD Guide, you will find: An introduction to team care, Tips on communicating with patients, Sections in each of the four PPOD areas, Resources and links to other PPOD-related resources and organizations.

    Y

    You Are the Heart of Your Family...Take Care of It. (Usted es el corazón de la familia...cuide su corazón) Tip Sheet

    This bilingual (Spanish and English) tip sheet explains the link between diabetes and heart disease for Hispanics/ Latinos.


    Your Diabetes Care Records

    Provides charts for recording important information to discuss at each doctor’s visit.

    Your Guide to Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2

    Provides comprehensive information in a generously illustrated format for people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Provides action steps for people who take insulin and for those who do not. This publication is also available in Spanish.


    Youth and Teens

    About 208,000 young people under 20 years of age have diagnosed diabetes. Most of them have type 1 diabetes.