U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Blood Diseases A-Z

Blood disease topics are listed in alphabetical order. Select a letter to locate a disease or condition, diagnostic test, or anatomy topic.

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) conducts, supports, and coordinates research on many of the most serious diseases affecting public health. The NIDDK cannot provide medical advice for individuals. The information provided here is informed by NIDDK research, reviewed by doctors, and provided to help you understand more about the diseases and conditions you or your loved ones may face. The NIDDK is part of the National Institutes of Health, the medical research agency of the United States.​
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Anemia in Kidney Disease and Dialysis

Explains the kidneys’ role in making red blood cells and how kidney disease can lead to anemia. Discusses the diagnosis and treatment of anemia in kidney disease.

Anemia of Inflammation and Chronic Disease

​Explains anemia of inflammation and chronic disease (AI/ACD), a type of anemia that usually results from a chronic illness or infection.


Aplastic Anemia and Myelodysplastic Syndromes

​Describes aplastic anemia and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), rare and serious disorders that affect the bone marrow and blood. Covers causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of the disorders.


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Directory of Hematologic Disease Organizations

Directory listing of Government agencies and voluntary organizations that provide hematologic disease-related information and resources.​


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Hematologic Diseases Statistics

​Sources for statistics on hematologic diseases in U.S. populations.​


Hemochromatosis

Provides information about the causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and screening for hemochromatosis. Includes a list of additional resources.

Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome in Children (HUS)

Explains how hemolytic uremic syndrome develops after E-coli infection in the digestive tract and describes the treatments available.



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Organizations, Directory of Hematologic (PDF, 269 KB)

Directory listing of Government agencies and voluntary organizations that provide hematologic diseases-related information and resources.

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Sickle Cell Trait and Other Hemoglobinopathies and Diabetes: Important Information for Providers

Explains how the A1C test can lead to misdiagnosis, overtreatment, or undertreatment of diabetes in people with hemoglobinopathies. Explains when to suspect a patient has a variant.

Statistics about Hematologic Diseases

Sources for statistics on hematologic diseases in U.S. populations.


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