U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Diet & Nutrition A-Z

Diet and nutrition topics are listed in alphabetical order. Select a letter to locate a disease or condition, diagnostic test, or anatomy topic.

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) conducts, supports, and coordinates research on many of the most serious diseases affecting public health. The NIDDK cannot provide medical advice for individuals. The information provided here is informed by NIDDK research, reviewed by doctors, and provided to help you understand more about the diseases and conditions you or your loved ones may face. The NIDDK is part of the National Institutes of Health, the medical research agency of the United States.​
Lady picking up food
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B




Breastfeeding and Diabetes

Landing page listing resources on breastfeeding and diabetes available from National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse and other Institutes.

C


Carbs

Explains carbohydrate counting, a meal planning tool for people with diabetes to help control blood glucose levels.


Celiac Disease

Contains general information about celiac disease and explains how it can disrupt the absorption of nutrients in the small intestine.







D


Diet and Diabetes

Provides an easy-to-read guide about the basics of meal planning for people with diabetes. Reviews nutrition basics, including what, when, and how much a person with diabetes should eat.


Diet for Hemodialysis

Explains in an easy-to-read format how food affects hemodialysis patients and describes the role of fluids, potassium, phosphorus, protein, sodium, calories, and vitamins and minerals.

Diet for Kidney Stone Prevention

Explains how diet and other factors affect the formation of different types of kidney stones. Provides general dietary guidelines for preventing the different types of kidney stones.





E

Eat Right to Feel Right on Hemodialysis

Explains in an easy-to-read format how food affects hemodialysis patients and describes the role of fluids, potassium, phosphorus, protein, sodium, calories, and vitamins and minerals.

Eating and Diabetes

Landing page listing resources on eating and diabetes available from National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse and other organizations.







F






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J


K

Kidney Failure: Eat Right to Feel Right on Hemodialysis

Explains in an easy-to-read format how food affects hemodialysis patients and describes the role of fluids, potassium, phosphorus, protein, sodium, calories, and vitamins and minerals.

Kidney Stone Prevention Diet

Explains how diet and other factors affect the formation of different types of kidney stones. Provides general dietary guidelines for preventing the different types of kidney stones.

L

Lactose Intolerance

Explains the cause, risk factors, diagnostic tests, and management of lactose intolerance. Lists calcium-rich foods and foods that contain hidden lactose.


M


Meal Planning and Diabetes

Provides an easy-to-read guide about the basics of meal planning for people with diabetes. Reviews nutrition basics, including what, when, and how much a person with diabetes should eat.


N




Nutrition and Kidney Diseases

Landing page listing resources on eating and kidney and urologic diseases available from National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse.




Nutrition for Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease in Adults

Explains how the right diet choices can protect kidney function in the late stages of kidney failure. Discusses ways to moderate protein intake.

Nutrition for Chronic Kidney Disease in Children

Explains how kidney disease can affect nutrition needs in children. Provides guidance about nutrient content of foods, including calories, protein, phosphorus, sodium, and potassium.

Nutrition for Early Chronic Kidney Disease in Adults

Discusses dietary guidelines for controlling elevated blood glucose and hypertension, the two leading causes of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease.



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R


S




Sugar (Dietary)

Provides an easy-to-read guide about the basics of meal planning for people with diabetes. Reviews nutrition basics, including what, when, and how much a person with diabetes should eat.


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V


W


What I need to know about Carbohydrate Counting and Diabetes

Explains carbohydrate counting, a meal planning tool for people with diabetes to help control blood glucose levels.

What I need to know about Celiac Disease

Defines celiac disease and explains the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. Includes examples of gluten-free diet options.

What I need to know about Eating and Diabetes

Provides an easy-to-read guide about the basics of meal planning for people with diabetes. Reviews nutrition basics, including what, when, and how much a person with diabetes should eat.

What I need to know about Lactose Intolerance

​Defines lactose intolerance and provides information about its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. This publication is also available in Spanish.


Y