U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Barrett's Esophagus

Definition and Facts for Barrett's Esophagus
​​​Barrett's esophagus is a condition in which tissue that is similar to the lining of your intestine replaces the tissue lining your esophagus. People with Barrett's esophagus may develop a rare cancer called esophageal adencarcinoma.​
Symptoms & Causes of Barrett's Esophagus

​Experts don't know the exact cause of Barrett's esophagus. However, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) increases your chances of developing the condition.

Diagnosis of Barrett's Esophagus

Doctors diagnose Barrett's esophagus with an upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy and a biopsy.

Treatment for Barrett's Esophagus

​Treatment options for Barrett's esophagus include repeated surveilleance endoscopy, endoscopic ablative therapies, endoscopic mucosal resection, and surgery.

Eating, Diet, and Nutrition for Barrett's Esophagus

​Your diet can relieve symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux, but there is no evidence that what you eat prevents Barrett's esophagus.

Clinical Trials for Barrett's Esophagus

​The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) and other components of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) conduct and support basic and clinical research into many digestive disorders.


This content is provided 
as a service of the National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC). Content produced by the Clearinghouse is carefully reviewed by NIDDK scientists and outside experts.​