U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Colon Polyps

Definition and Facts for Colon Polyps
Colon polyps are growths on the lining of your colon or rectum. Over time, some polyps can become cancerous, and removing polyps can help prevent cancer of the colon and rectum.
Symptoms & Causes of Colon Polyps
Most people with colon polyps don’t have symptoms, so you can’t tell that you don’t have polyps because you feel well. When colon polyps do cause symptoms, you may have bleeding from your rectum, have blood in your stool, or feel tired because of anemia.​
Diagnosis of Colon Polyps

Your doctor can only find colon polyps by using certain tests or procedures. 

Treatment for Colon Polyps

Doctors treat colon polyps by removing them. Doctors can remove almost all polyps without surgery. In most cases, doctors remove colon polyps during colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy.

Eating, Diet, and Nutrition for Colon Polyps

You may lower your chances of developing polyps by eating more fruits and vegetables and eating less fatty food, red meat, and processed meat. Talk with your doctor about getting more calcium and vitamin D.

Clinical Trials for Colon Polyps
The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) and other components of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) conduct and support basic and clinical research into many digestive disorders.​

This content is provided 
as a service of the National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC). Content produced by the Clearinghouse is carefully reviewed by NIDDK scientists and outside experts.​