U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Endocrine & Metabolic Diseases A-Z

Endocrine and metabolic disease topics are listed in alphabetical order. Select a letter to locate a disease or condition, diagnostic test, or anatomy topic.

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) conducts, supports, and coordinates research on many of the most serious diseases affecting public health. The NIDDK cannot provide medical advice for individuals. The information provided here is informed by NIDDK research, reviewed by doctors, and provided to help you understand more about the diseases and conditions you or your loved ones may face. The NIDDK is part of the National Institutes of Health, the medical research agency of the United States.​

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A

Acromegaly

Defines acromegaly, a disorder caused by excess production of growth hormone. Explains the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment of the disorder.​


Adrenal Insufficiency and Addison's Disease

Defines and describes adrenal insufficiency, or Addison’s disease, and secondary adrenal insufficiency. Explains the functions of the adrenal hormones cortisol and aldosterone.​

 National Hormone and Pituitary Program (NHPP): Information for People Treated with Pituitary Human Growth Hormone (Summary)

C

Cushing's Syndrome

Defines Cushing's syndrome, a disorder resulting from prolonged exposure of the body's tissues to high levels of the hormone cortisol. Details the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment of the disorder.




E

Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Organizations (PDF, 269 KB)

Directory listing of Government agencies and voluntary organizations that provide endocrine and metabolic diseases-related information and resources.

Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Statistics

​Sources for statistics on endocrine and metabolic diseases in U.S. populations.


G

Graves' Disease

Describes Graves’ disease, an autoimmune disorder and the most common cause of hyperthyroidism in the United States. Explains the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of the disease. Defines Graves’ ophthalmopathy and includes section on eye care.



H

Hashimoto's Disease

​Describes Hashimoto’s disease, an autoimmune disorder and the most common cause of hypothyroidism in the United States. Explains the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of the disease.


Health Alert: Adrenal Crisis Causes Death in Some People Who Were Treated with hGH

Health Alert: Adrenal Crisis Causes Death in Some People Who Were Treated with hGH

Human Growth Hormone and Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Resource List

​Provides links to information about the connection between human growth hormone and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, links to support organizations, and journal article references.


Hyperthyroidism

Explains the function of the thyroid gland and its hormones. Describes the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of hyperthyroidism.​


Hypothyroidism

Explains the function of the thyroid gland and its hormones. Describes the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of hypothyroidism​


M

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1

Describes multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, a rare inherited disorder that causes multiple endocrine glands to become overactive. Explains the importance of genetic counseling and gene testing in managing the disorder.​


N

National Hormone and Pituitary Program (NHPP): Information for People Treated with Pituitary Human Growth Hormone (Comprehensive Report)

​Provides extensive background about Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and the use of human growth hormone by the U.S. Public Health Service's National Hormone and Pituitary Program.


National Hormone and Pituitary Program (NHPP): Information for People Treated with Pituitary Human Growth Hormone (Summary)

​Provides a summary of information about Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and the use of human growth hormone by the U.S. Public Health Service’s National Hormone and Pituitary Program.


O

Organizations, Directory of Endocrine and Metabolic (PDF, 269 KB)

Directory listing of Government agencies and voluntary organizations that provide endocrine and metabolic diseases-related information and resources.

P


Pregnancy and Thyroid Disease

Describes normal changes in thyroid function during pregnancy and explains how pregnancy affects and is affected by hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, and postpartum thyroiditis. Covers diagnosis and treatment​


Primary Hyperparathyroidism

Explains the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism, a disorder in which one or more enlarged parathyroid glands secrete too much parathyroid hormone.​


Prolactinoma

​Covers the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of prolactinoma, a benign tumor of the pituitary gland that causes excess production of the hormone prolactin.

 National Hormone and Pituitary Program (NHPP): Information for People Treated with Pituitary Human Growth Hormone (Summary)

S

Statistics about Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases

​Sources for statistics on endocrine and metabolic diseases in U.S. populations.


T

Thyroid Tests

​Describes the different tests used to evaluate thyroid function and diagnose thyroid disease. Includes typical thyroid test results seen in thyroid diseases.