U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Liver Disease A-Z

Liver disease topics are listed in alphabetical order. Select a letter to locate a disease or condition, diagnostic test, or anatomy topic.

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) conducts, supports, and coordinates research on many of the most serious diseases affecting public health. The NIDDK cannot provide medical advice for individuals. The information provided here is informed by NIDDK research, reviewed by doctors, and provided to help you understand more about the diseases and conditions you or your loved ones may face. The NIDDK is part of the National Institutes of Health, the medical research agency of the United States.
family peeling an apple
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A

Alagille Syndrome

Describes Alagille syndrome, a rare, inherited disorder that affects the liver. Covers the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and long-term outlook.​

Autoimmune Hepatitis

Provides information about the triggers, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and complications of autoimmune hepatitis.

B

Biliary Atresia

Describes biliary atresia, a rare, life-threatening disease that damages the liver in newborns. Discusses symptoms and diagnosis. Describes the Kasai procedure––the most recognized surgical treatment for the disease.

C

Cirrhosis

Provides information about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, complications, and treatment of cirrhosis. This publication is also available in Spanish.

E

ERCP (Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography)

Describes the purpose of ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, how patients can prepare for it, and what patients can expect during and after the procedure.​

H

Hemochromatosis

Provides information about the causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and screening for hemochromatosis. Includes a list of additional resources.



Hepatitis B: What Asian and Pacific Islander Americans Need to Know

Describes hepatitis B, symptoms, transmission, and risk factors for Asian and Pacific Islander and other foreign-born Americans. Available in Chinese, Korean, Tagalog, and Vietnamese.


L

Liver Biopsy

Provides general information about liver biopsy. Describes the purpose of the test, how patients can prepare for it, and what patients can expect during and after the procedure.


Liver Transplantation

Describes liver transplantation, waiting lists, scoring systems that rank candidates, and the procedure for matching candidates with donor livers. Discusses  transplant surgery.​

N

Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis

Provides information about nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, a liver disease that occurs when fat deposits in the liver cause inflammation.


P

Porphyria

Reviews the group of disorders known as the porphyrias, which affect the skin or nervous system, or both. Discusses the types, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of porphyria.​

Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

Explains the possible causes of primary biliary cirrhosis. Describes symptoms, complications, diagnosis, and treatment.​

Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis

Reviews primary sclerosing cholangitis, which damages and blocks bile ducts and can lead to cirrhosis and liver failure. Discusses causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.​

V

Viral Hepatitis: A through E and Beyond

Provides information about the symptoms, modes of transmission, at-risk populations, prevention, and treatment of hepatitis A through E. Includes a list of additional resources.​


W

What Asian and Pacific Islander Americans Need to Know about Hepatitis B

​Describes hepatitis B, symptoms, transmission, and risk factors for Asian and Pacific Islander and other foreign-born Americans. Available in Chinese, Korean, Tagalog, and Vietnamese.


What I need to know about Cirrhosis

​Describes the causes, symptoms, diagnostic procedures, and treatment available for cirrhosis. Discusses lifestyle changes for slowing or stopping liver disease before it progresses to cirrhosis.


What I need to know about Hepatitis A

​Explains the risk factors, modes of transmission, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of hepatitis A. Also available in Spanish (DD–187).

What I need to know about Hepatitis B

Explains the risk factors, modes of transmission, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of hepatitis B. Also available in Spanish (DD–188).

What I need to know about Hepatitis C

​Explains the risk factors, modes of transmission, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of hepatitis C. Also available in Spanish (DD–189).

What I need to know about Liver Transplantation

​Describes liver transplantation, waiting lists, scoring systems that rank candidates, and the procedure for matching candidates with donor livers. Discusses  transplant surgery.