Children s weight has increased sharply in recent years. This may put them at higher risk for
health problems. High blood glucose in a pregnant mother and too much weight gain during
pregnancy also may have long-term effects on the child s health. Children who become
overweight or obese during childhood tend to remain so as adults. Researchers want to study
many risk factors during and after pregnancy, and how these affect a child s development.
They will also follow the mother s health and well-being after pregnancy.
To learn how a pregnant mother s environment, lifestyle, and health conditions may affect her
child s growth and development from birth until adulthood.
Women 18 and older who are getting prenatal care at Phoenix Indian Medical Center
Mothers and children who were in the LIFE-Moms Phoenix study
Mothers will have 3 visits during pregnancy.
In the child s first year, mothers will have 2 visits and their child will have 4.
Children will have 2 visits in their second year and 1 each year until they turn 18.
Mothers will have a visit 2 years after birth and 4-5 years later.
Both the mother and child s medical records will be reviewed. They will have physical exams
and give blood and stool samples.
Mothers may give cord blood and placenta samples. They will give breastmilk and urine
samples. They will fill out questionnaires.
Children s hair and toenail clippings (and baby teeth that fall out, if possible) will be
collected. They will have an ultrasound. They may get an activity monitor.
Mother and child will be followed until the child s 18th birthday.