Medication Adherence: Resources for Health Care Teams

Health care professionals can improve their own skills and processes to help promote medication-taking behavior in their patients. This page has resources to support members of the health care team.

Title Description Organization
Adherence Measurement (PDF, 379.49 KB) This presentation, in PDF form, summarizes and provides data for different options for adherence measurement. David Nau and Pharmacy Quality Alliance (PQA)
Adult Meducation: Improving Medication Adherence in Older Adults This web-based program is for health care profesionals and any other professionals who work with older adults. It provides education on important aspects of medication adherence in older adults and encourages collaboration to identify, resolve, and prevent medication nonadherence in older adults. Multiple tools and resources are provided. American Society on Aging and American Society of Consultant Pharmacists Foundation
Diabetes Medication Adherence Through Patient-Centered Collaboration (PDF, 737.17 KB) Nonadherence to diabetes medications is a primary contributor to health complications and avoidable hospitalizations. This article discusses the evidence for taking a person-centered (as opposed to illness-centered) approach to promoting medication adherence among diabetes patients, provides suggestions for ways in which diabetes clinicians can best promote medication adherence, and argues for needed changes in how health care systems support providers in their efforts at adherence promotion. NDEP’s Medication Adherence Task Group
FSSQ Duke-UNC Functional Social Support Questionnaire This 8-item questionnaire is used to measure the strength of an individual’s social support network. Social support is positively associated with medication adherence. American Society on Aging and American Society of Consultant Pharmacists Foundation
Health Literacy Assessment Tools The Health Literacy Assessment Tools website provides health care professionals and clinical managers with three tools to measure their patients ability to obtain, process, and understand basic health information to make appropriate health decisions. All three tools are provided in English and Spanish. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
How to Create a Pill Card This resource provides a step by step process on how to create an easy to use “pill card” for patients, parents, or anyone who has a difficult time keeping track of their medications. It describes why it is necessary to create the card, what you will need to create the card, and easy to follow steps to create your own unique pill card. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
Mayo Clinic Decision Aids These decision aids provide information on medications commonly used to treat type 2 diabetes and enable patients to make informed decisions about which medication would be best for them. They are exclusively for use during patients' clinical encounters with their clinicians. Background information can be found here and the online interactive tool can be found here. Mayo Clinic
Medication Adherence and Health IT (PDF, 372 KB) This brief is useful to health care systems and demonstrates how health systems’ information technology infrastructure can support medication adherence. In addition, this brief identifies challenges pertaining to reliable metrics and the expansion of consumer-based tools that encourage patient and caregiver participation in medication adherence. The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology
Medication Adherence Presentation (PDF, 2.93 MB) This presentation for health care professionals provides an overview of medication adherence, the burden of nonadherence, and approaches for measuring and improving adherence. It includes tools, resources, and case studies. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Medication Adherence Project (MAP) Training Package (PDF, 817 KB) The MAP training package serves as a toolkit and training guide for health care professionals to become familiar with barriers to adherence and evidence-based solutions to improve adherence. It also provides training for engaging patients in conversations about medicine-taking. Multiple tools and techniques are presented. NYC Health
Medication Adherence: Challenges and Solutions This video highlights patient stories about why they had problems adhering to their medication routine. Patients also provide feedback about how physicians could improve their doctor-patient relationship. American College of Physicians
Medication Adherence: We Didn't Ask and They Didn't Tell In this video for health care professionals, patients share their experiences with medication, including reasons why they chose not to take their medicine as prescribed. Patients also discuss their relationships with health care providers and provide them with suggestions to improve adherence. American College of Physicians
Medication Knowledge Assessment This assessment is used to determine individuals’ knowledge of their medication and their ability to read and understand information necessary for appropriate medication use. American Society on Aging and American Society of Consultant Pharmacists Foundation
Medication Use Safety Training for Seniors This interactive educational website provides patients with information on how to safely and appropriately use their medication. This resource can be used by older adults, health care professionals, and caregivers. National Council on Patient Information and Education
Morisky Medication Adherence Scale Offered in 4-question or 8-question versions, this assessment allows healthcare professionals to quickly measure a patient's medication adherence. Permission must be obtained from the author to use this resource and a licensing fee may apply. Morisky Medication Adherence Scale
Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine, Revised This is an 11-item word recognition test used to identify people at risk for poor health literacy skills. Poor health literacy may negatively impact adherence to medication. American Society on Aging and American Society of Consultant Pharmacists Foundation
Readiness-to-Change Ruler This assessment is used to gauge patients’ willingness and ability to change their behavior, which may impact their adherence to a medication routine. American Society on Aging and American Society of Consultant Pharmacists Foundation

Resources selected for this page must be intended for health care professionals, health systems, or community-based organizations. They must incorporate strategies to improve medication adherence and be applicable in “real-world” settings. They must also be user-friendly, accessible to the public, contain limited or no product-specific advertising, and reveal relevant financial relationships.