Eating, Diet, & Nutrition for Proctitis

How can my diet help reduce symptoms of proctitis?

Depending on the cause of your proctitis, changing your diet can help reduce symptoms.

Your doctor may recommend that you eat more foods that are high in fiber. Eating foods that are high in fiber can make stools softer and easier to pass and can help prevent constipation. A doctor or dietitian can help you learn how to add more high-fiber foods to your diet.

If your proctitis is caused by ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease, a high-fiber diet may make symptoms worse. If you have ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease, talk with your doctor about what foods are right for you.

If you have diarrhea, you may need to avoid certain foods that can make diarrhea worse:

  • caffeine
  • fructose, a sugar found in fruits, fruit juices, and honey and added to many foods and soft drinks as a sweetener called high-fructose corn syrup
  • lactose, a sugar found in milk and milk products
  • sugar alcohols, sweeteners used in food products that are labeled “sugar-free”

Talk with your doctor before changing your diet.

Your doctor may recommend nutritional supplements or vitamins that can help reduce some proctitis symptoms:

For safety reasons, talk with your doctor before using dietary supplements or any other complementary or alternative medicines or medical practices.

Last Reviewed August 2016

This content is provided as a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), part of the National Institutes of Health. The NIDDK translates and disseminates research findings to increase knowledge and understanding about health and disease among patients, health professionals, and the public. Content produced by the NIDDK is carefully reviewed by NIDDK scientists and other experts.