U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
National Diabetes Education Program Logo

Contact Us

Health Information Center

​​​

HealthSense

Risk Factors for Diabetes

  • Age ≥ 45 years
  • Overweight or obese: body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m2 (≥ 23 kg/m2 for Asian Americans)2 or waist circumference in men > 40 inches (102 cm) or in women > 35 inches (88 cm)3
  • Member of a high risk population: African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Alaska Native, Asian American, Pacific Islander
  • Family history of diabetes (e.g., parent or sibling)
  • History of gestational diabetes or giving birth to a baby weighing > 9 lbs
  • Physical inactivity
  • Hypertension ≥ 140/90 mmHg, or on therapy for hypertension
  • High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level < 35="" mg/dl="" (0.90="">
  • Fasting triglyceride (TG) level > 250 mg/dL (2.82 mmol/L)
  • Other conditions associated with insulin resistance (acanthosis nigricans, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, polycystic ovary syndrome)
  • Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
  • Treatment with atypical antipsychotics or glucocorticoids

The Diabetes Risk Test is a quick and easy tool for assessing risk for type 2 diabetes.

Laboratory tests to ascertain the blood glucose level of at-risk patients should be repeated every 1–3 years. Women with a history of gestational diabetes should be screened 6–12 weeks postpartum and every year thereafter if prediabetes is diagnosed, or every 3 years thereafter if the postpartum test is normal.1

References

1. American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes—2015. Diabetes Care. 2015;38 Suppl 1:S8-S16.

2. Hsu WC, Araneta MRG, Kanaya AM, Fujimoto W. BMI Cut Points to Identify At-Risk Asian Americans for Type 2 Diabetes Screening. Diabetes Care. 2015;38(1):150-8.

3. Klein S, Allison DB, Heymsfield SB, Kelley DE, Leibel RL, Nonas C, et al. Waist circumference and cardiometabolic risk: a consensus statement from shaping America's health: Association for Weight Management and Obesity Prevention; NAASO, the Obesity Society; the American Society for Nutrition; and the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care. 2007;30(6):1647-52.

Contact Us

Health Information Center

​​​

HealthSense