U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
National Diabetes Education Program Logo

Contact Us

Health Information Center



Additional Reading

  1. American Academy of Pediatrics. Management of type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents. 2013. Available from: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2013/01/23/peds.2012-3496
  2. American Association of Diabetes Educators. Management of children with diabetes in the school setting: AADE position statement. 2016. Available from: PDF iconhttps://www.diabeteseducator.org/docs/default-source/practice/practice-resources/position-statements/diabetes-in-the-school-setting-position-statement_final.pdf
  3. American Diabetes Association. Medical Management of Type 1 Diabetes. 6th ed. Kaufman FR, Ed. Alexandria, VA: American Diabetes Association; 2012. http://www.shopdiabetes.org/1093-Medical-Management-of-Type-1-Diabetes-6th-Edition.aspx?utm_source=email&utm_medium=professional-books&utm_content=052312-link&utm_campaign=BOOK&s_src=email_probooks&s_subsrc=052312-link. Accessed July 26, 2016.
  4. American Diabetes Association. Safe at school statement of principles. American Diabetes Association website. http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/parents-and-kids/diabetes-care-at-school/safe-at-school-statement-of.html. Accessed July 26, 2016.
  5. American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes—2014. Diabetes Care. January 2014;37(Suppl. 1):S14–S80. http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/dc14-S014. Accessed July 26, 2016.
  6. American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes—2015. Diabetes Care. January 2015;38(Suppl. 1):S70–S76. http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/38/Supplement_1/S4. Accessed July 26, 2016.
  7. American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes—2016. Diabetes Care. January 2016;39(Suppl. 1):S6–S109. PDF Iconhttp://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/diacare/39/Supplement_1/S86.full.pdf (PDF, 629 KB).
  8. American Diabetes Association. State laws, regulations and policies for school diabetes care. American Diabetes Association website. http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/parents-and-kids/diabetes-care-at-school/legal-protections/state-laws-and-policies.html. Updated July 30, 2015. Accessed July 26, 2016.
  9. American Nurses Association, American Nurses Association/California, California School Nurses Organization, American Diabetes Association. Joint Statement on Provision of Care to Students with Diabetes in the School Setting. 2014. Available from http://www.diabetes.org/assets/pdfs/living/know-your-rights/js-provision-of-care-to-students-with-diabetes-in-school.pdf.
  10. Bermudez, O. T1D intel: learning about the dual diagnosis of an eating disorder and type 1 diabetes. JDRF. 2012. Available from: http://jdrf.org/blog/2012/t1d-intel-learning-about-the-dual-diagnosis-of-an-eating-disorder-and-type-1-diabetes/.
  11. Breneman CB, Heidari K, Butler S, Porter RR, Wang X. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the H.A.N.D.S.SM Program: A School Nurse Diabetes Management Education Program. J Sch Nurs. 2015;31(6):402-10. Available from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25654973.
  12. Butler S, Kaup, T, Swanson, M, et al. (2013). Diabetes management in the school setting. In: Selekman J, ed.School Nursing: A Comprehensive Text. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: FA Davis Company.
  13. Cavanaugh, K. L. (2011). Health literacy in diabetes care: explanation, evidence and equipment. Diabetes Management (London, England), 1(2), 191–199. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21860659.
  14. Chiang JL, Kirkman MS, Laffel LM, Peters AL. Type 1 diabetes through the life span: a position statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care. 2014;37(7):2034-54. Available from http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/37/7/2034.full?ijkey=2dda12d1df6869a37f31ecdb3b0d3d787bf05296&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha.
  15. Council on School Health. Policy statement—guidance for the administration of medication in school. Pediatrics 2009;124:1244–1251. Available from http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/124/4/1244.full#xref-fn-2-1.
  16. Driscoll KA, Volkening LK, Haro H, et al. Are children with type 1 diabetes safe at school? Examining parent perceptions. Pediatr Diabetes. 2015;16(8):613-20. Available from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/pedi.12204/abstract.
  17. Effect of intensive diabetes treatment on the development and progression of long-term complications in adolescents with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: Diabetes Control and Complications Trial. Diabetes Control and Complications Trial Research Group. J Pediatr. 1994;125(2):177-88. Available from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/pedi.12204/abstract.
  18. Fritsch, S., Olshan, J. Psychiatric issues in children and adolescents with diabetes optimizing outcomes for patients and their families. 2011. Psychiatric Times. Available from http://www.psychiatrictimes.com/child-adolescent-psychiatry/psychiatric-issues-children-and-adolescents-diabetes.
  19. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.; 34 CFR Part 300. Available from http://idea-b.ed.gov/uploads/finalregulations.pdf((PDF, 1.43 MB)PDF icon.
  20. Jackson CC, Albanese-O'Neill A, Butler KL, et al. Diabetes care in the school setting: a position statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care. 2015;38(10):1958-63. Available from http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/38/10/1958.full?patientinform-links=yes&legid=diacare;38/10/1958%20-%20xref-ref-1-1.
  21. Naranjo, D., Hood, K. Psychological challenges for children living with diabetes. International Diabetes Federation. 2013.
  22. Pettitt DJ, Talton J, Dabelea D, et al. Prevalence of diabetes in U.S. youth in 2009: the SEARCH for diabetes in youth study. Diabetes Care. 2014;37(2):402-8. Available from http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/37/2/402.abstract?ijkey=53ec8c3e487408c90ded10ff545e010c3cc4c52e&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha.
  23. Pozzo, A. Pediatric type 2 diabetes mellitus clinical presentation. Medscape. 2014. Available from: http://reference.medscape.com/article/925700-clinical.
  24. Rapp J, Arent S, Dimmick B, Jackson C: Legal Rights of Students with Diabetes. 2nd ed. Alexandria, VA, American Diabetes Association, October 2005, updated October 2009. Available from http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/know-your-rights/for-lawyers/education-materials-for-lawyers/legal-rights-of-students-with-diabetes.html.
  25. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, 29 U.S.C. 794; 35 CFR Part 104. Available from http://www2.ed.gov/policy/rights/reg/ocr/edlite-34cfr104.html.
  26. Siminerio LM, Albanese-O'Neill A, Chiang JL, et al. Care of young children with diabetes in the child care setting: a position statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care. 2014;37(10):2834-42. Available from http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/37/10/2834.full?ijkey=ce6766e4e9245b58a32155afd8fe9fbd39c2c690&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha.
  27. The effect of intensive treatment of diabetes on the development and progression of long-term complications in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial Research Group. N Engl J Med. 1993;329(14):977-86. Available from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8366922?dopt=Abstract.
  28. Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, 42 U.S.C. 12134 et seq.; 28 CFR Part 35. Available from http://www.ada.gov/regs2010/titleII_2010/titleII_2010_regulations.htm.
  29. United States Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service. Accommodating children with special dietary needs in the school nutrition program. Guidance for school food service staff [Internet], 2001. Available from http://www.fns.usda.gov/accommodating-children-special-dietary-needs-school-nutrition-programs.
  30. Wyckoff, L., Hanchon, T., Gregg, S. R. Psychological, behavioral, and educational considerations for students with diabetes, psychology in the schools. Psychol. Schs. 2015:52(7):672–682. Available from www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/journal/pits.