U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Diet & Nutrition A-Z

Diet and nutrition topics are listed in alphabetical order. Select a letter to locate a disease or condition, diagnostic test, or anatomy topic.

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) conducts, supports, and coordinates research on many of the most serious diseases affecting public health. The NIDDK cannot provide medical advice for individuals. The information provided here is informed by NIDDK research, reviewed by doctors, and provided to help you understand more about the diseases and conditions you or your loved ones may face. The NIDDK is part of the National Institutes of Health, the medical research agency of the United States.​
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Being Healthy Is a Big Deal! (PDF, 399KB)

Provides parents, caregivers, and youth healthy eating and physical activity tips.

Body Weight Planner

The tool helps adults set their personal physical activity and calorie goals


Celebrate the Beauty of Youth

Provides young black women tips about how to stay active and eat healthy.

Celiac Disease Organizations

​​Information on organizations providing resources and support for celiac disease.

Charge Up!

Discusses strategies for teenagers to select and plan healthy meals and snacks.

Climb These Steps to a Healthier You! (PDF, 390 KB)

Provides adults tips to change behaviors to improve their eating and physical activity habits.


Dieting and Gallstones

Describes gallstones, the effect of overweight and dieting on risk and safe ways to lose weight to reduce risk.

Do You Know Some of the Health Risks of Being Overweight?

Discusses the links between excess weight and many health conditions and explains how reaching and maintaining a normal weight may help with staying healthy later in life.


Eat Right to Feel Right on Hemodialysis



Get in the Game: Tips for Healthy Eating and Physical Activity Tip Sheet (PDF, 338 KB)

​Offers men doable tips to eat more whole grains, sit less, and more to improve health

Get on Track to a Healthier You (PDF, 463 KB)

​Get on track to a healthier you with these health and
fitness tips for men.


Healthy Habits for Summer

Provides tips for staying healthy during the Summer.

Helping Your Child: Tips for Parents

Provides parents with tips to help youth improve eating and physical activity habits.


Keeping Active and Healthy Eating for Men

Provides men tips on how to create healthy habits by discussing weight, health and lifestyle choices.

Keeping Active and Healthy Eating for the Whole Family

Provides information to help black women and their families eat healthier and move more.

Kegel Exercise Tips

Provides a comprehensive introduction to the causes, symptoms, and treatments for bladder control problems in women.

Kidney Stone Prevention Diet


Lactose Intolerance

Defines lactose intolerance and provides information about its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. This publication is also available in Spanish.

Lactose Intolerance

Explains the cause, risk factors, diagnostic tests, and management of lactose intolerance. Lists calcium-rich foods and foods that contain hidden lactose.


Malnutrition and CKD (for health care professionals)

As eGFR declines, complications and comorbidities occur more commonly and are more severe. Read about treating cardiovascular disease, anemia, malnutrition, mineral and bone disorders, and depression.



Overweight and Obesity Statistics

Describes the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United States by providing statistics.


Parents...Splash Into a Healthy Summer With These Ideas! Tip Sheet (PDF, 295 KB)

​Offers parents and caregivers doable tips to help their families stay active and healthy during the summer.


Defines proteinuria and discusses who is at risk. Reviews the signs of proteinuria and provides information about testing procedures and treatment options.


Sisters Together Program Guide

Sisters Together: Move More, Eat Better is a health awareness program that encourages black women 18 years and older to maintain a healthy weight by being more physically active and eating healthy.


Take Charge of Your Health: A Guide for Teens

Provides small and doable steps to help teenagers get healthier by explaining how the body works, how to make healthy food choices, and how to increase physical activity.

Tips for Kids: Eating Healthy Foods

This colorful, easy-to-read, reproducible tip sheet contains the basics about managing type 2 diabetes for children and their families. It also includes a list of resources where you can get more information for children.

Tips for Teens with Diabetes: Make Healthy Food Choices

Make healthy food choices to help reach your weight loss goal. There are many weight loss plans from which to choose.

Tips for Teens: Lower Your Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

If you have a family history of diabetes, or you’ve been told by a health care professional that you’re at risk for type 2 diabetes, you can prevent or delay the onset of the disease by losing 5 to 7 percent of your body weight.


Use the World Around You to Stay Healthy and Fit (PDF, 1.2 MB)

​Provides adults and youth a few tips on how to use what they already have to stay healthy.

Using the World Around You to Stay Healthy and Fit

Provides information for how to maintain healthy habits, such as eating well and exercising regularly, by utilizing your surroundings and the world around.


Very Low-calorie Diets

Describes very low-calorie diets (VLCDs), health benefits, and risks.

Vitamin D Supplements and CKD (for health care professionals)

As eGFR declines, complications and comorbidities occur more commonly and are more severe. Read about treating cardiovascular disease, anemia, malnutrition, mineral and bone disorders, and depression.


Weight-loss and Nutrition Myths

Describes myths and facts regarding weight loss, nutrition, and physical activity.

What I need to know about Eating and Diabetes

Provides the basics of meal planning for people with diabetes. Reviews nutrition basics, including what, when, and how much a person with diabetes should eat.