U.S. Department of Health and Human Services


Definition and Facts for Constipation
Constipation is a condition in which you have fewer than three bowel movements a week, or hard, dry and small bowel movements that are painful or difficult to pass.​
Symptoms and Causes of Constipation
The most common symptoms of constipation are fewer than-normal bowel movements, stool that is difficult or painful to pass, and pain or bloating in your abdomen.​
Diagnosis of Constipation
To find out why you're constipated, your doctor will take your medical history and perform a physical exam. He or she may also order certain tests.​
Treatment for Constipation
Treatments for constipation include malking changes in your eating, diet, and nutrition; exercise and lifestyle changes; medicines and supplements; biofeedback; and surgery.​
Eating, Diet, and Nutrition for Constipation
Your eating and diet may affect your chances of becoming constipated. If your diet has too little fiber, you may get constipated.​
Clinical Trials for Constipation
The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) and other components of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) conduct and support basic and clinical research into many digestive disorders.​​

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