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HIV/Antiretroviral Therapy – What does it mean to be durably undetectable?


Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the NIAID at NIH, discusses what it means for those who are HIV-positive to be durably virally suppressed, preventing transmission of HIV to sexual partners.

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DR. RODGERS: Medications to treat HIV have turned a deadly infection into a manageable chronic condition.

Hi, I’m Dr. Griffin Rodgers, director of the National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases at NIH.

Today, researchers know why being durably undetectable is important for a person living with HIV. Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at NIH, explains:

DR. FAUCI: A person living with HIV and taking antiretroviral therapy is virally suppressed if their viral load, the amount of HIV in the blood, is undetectable by HIV tests. When their HIV is undetectable for at least six months, they are durably virally suppressed. This preserves their health, and prevents transmission of HIV to sexual partners. Remember, undetectable equals untransmissable.

You cannot completely eliminate HIV from your body, but with daily medication you can suppress it, which is great news.

DR. RODGERS: Follow us on Twitter @NIDDKGov. This is Dr. Griffin Rodgers.

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