U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

News Archive

News Type

Date Range


NIDDK News Item

Apr 19, 2017

Adjusting the frequency of eye screenings for people with type 1 diabetes based on their risk of severe eye problems would result in fewer eye exams at lower cost and quicker diagnosis and treatment of advanced retinopathy, which can otherwise lead to vision loss. The findings, published April 19 in the New England Journal of Medicine(link is external), are the latest from an ongoing study funded for more than 30 years by the National Institutes of Health.

NIDDK News Item

Apr 13, 2017

Rates of new diagnosed cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are increasing among youth in the United States, according to a report, Incidence Trends of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes among Youths, 2002-2012.

NIDDK News Item

Mar 13, 2017

An international team of researchers has conducted the first study of its kind to look at the genomic underpinnings of obesity in continental Africans and African-Americans.

NIDDK News Item

Mar 9, 2017

This World Kidney Day, improve your kidney health by making a commitment to reach or maintain a healthy weight. Extra weight increases the risk of developing diabetes and high blood pressure, the two most common causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD). People affected by obesity have an 83 percent higher risk of developing CKD compared to those who have a healthy weight.

NIDDK News Item

Mar 1, 2017

There appears to be no benefit to treating mildly low thyroid function during pregnancy, according to a study by a National Institutes of Health research network.

NIDDK News Item

Feb 28, 2017

Teens and young adults with type 2 diabetes develop kidney, nerve, and eye diseases – as well as some risk factors for heart disease – more often than their peers with type 1 diabetes in the years shortly after diagnosis. The results are the latest findings of the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study, published Feb. 28 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

NIDDK News Item

Feb 9, 2017

Analyzing a hair sample may help with the diagnosis of Cushing Syndrome, a rare and potentially fatal disorder in which the body overproduces the stress hormone cortisol, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health.

NIDDK News Item

Feb 7, 2017

The first of several major research efforts to test and refine artificial pancreas systems is now underway. Four separate projects, funded by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), are designed to be the potential last steps between testing the fully automated devices and requesting regulatory approval for permanent use. A successful artificial pancreas would be a life-changing advance for many people with type 1 diabetes. NIDDK is part of the National Institutes of Health.

NIDDK News Item

Feb 3, 2017

Couples in which both partners are obese may take from 55 to 59 percent longer to achieve pregnancy, compared to their normal weight counterparts, according to a study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health.

NIDDK Newsletter

NIDDK's Health Information News, an e-newsletter that provides subscribers with information from all of the NIDDK's health communications programs, including the National Diabetes Education Program; the National Kidney Disease Education Program; the Weight-control Information Network; health topics for diabetes, digestive diseases, and kidney and urologic diseases; and blood diseases and endocrine and metabolic diseases.

NIDDK News Item

Jan 5, 2017

An expert panel sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, issued clinical guidelines today to aid health care providers in early introduction of peanut-containing foods to infants to prevent the development of peanut allergy.

NIDDK News Item

Dec 13, 2016

The National Institutes of Health Common Fund announced today the first awards for the Molecular Transducers of Physical Activity in Humans Program, which will allow researchers to develop a comprehensive map of the molecular changes that occur in response to physical activity.

NIDDK News Item

Nov 2, 2016

Today, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) finalized the 2017 Physician Fee Schedule final rule that recognizes the importance of primary care by improving payment for chronic care management and behavioral health. The rule also finalizes many of the policies to expand the Diabetes Prevention Program model test to eligible Medicare beneficiaries, the Medicare Diabetes Prevention Program (MDPP) expanded model, starting January 1, 2018.

NIDDK News Item

Nov 1, 2016

For many millions of Americans, diabetes is a lifelong burden. But it does not have to be a lifelong barrier to better health. This National Diabetes Month, the National Institutes of Health encourages people with diabetes and those who care for them to find the support they need, and for all people to gain understanding and offer support to those with this challenging disease.

NIDDK News Item

Oct 27, 2016

National Institutes of Health researchers have identified a novel role for a gene known as heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60), finding that it is critical in tissue regeneration and wound healing. The study found that topical treatment of an Hsp60-containing gel dramatically accelerates wound closure in a diabetic mouse model.

NIDDK News Item

Oct 14, 2016

Analysis of a trial that used the drug canagliflozin found that as people lost weight, their appetite increased proportionately, leading to consumption of more calories and weight loss plateau (leveling off). The findings provide the first measurement in people of how strongly appetite counters weight loss as part of the body’s feedback control system regulating weight. Results are currently available on BioRxiv (link is external) and will publish in Obesity during Obesity Week 2016.

NIDDK News Item

Oct 11, 2016

The National Institutes of Health Nutrition Research Task Force (NRTF) was established to coordinate and accelerate progress in nutrition research across the NIH and guide the development of the first NIH-wide strategic plan for nutrition research for the next 10 years.

NIDDK News Item

Sep 21, 2016

The National Institutes of Health today announced $157 million in awards in fiscal year 2016 to launch a seven-year initiative called Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO).

NIDDK News Item

Sep 19, 2016

Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have discovered a two-way link between depression and gestational diabetes.

NIDDK News Item

Sep 16, 2016

In an effort to make information about clinical trials widely available to the public, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services today issued a final rule that specifies requirements for registering certain clinical trials and submitting summary results information to ClinicalTrials.gov.

NIDDK Grantee News

Aug 1, 2016

[Medical College of Wisconsin; Case Western Reserve University] Researchers tested whether abnormal autonomic nervous system innervation of the bladder underlies IC (interstitial cystitis)/BPS (bladder pain syndrome) differently than other chronic pelvic pain. Some chronic pelvic pain types showed autonomic neuropathy and some show vagal withdrawal.

NIDDK News Item

Jul 27, 2016

A new drug developed by scientists at the National Institutes of Health limits the progression of liver fibrosis in mice, a hopeful advance against a condition for which there is no current treatment and that often leads to serious liver disease in people with chronic alcoholism and other common diseases.

NIDDK News Item

Jul 11, 2016

A comprehensive investigation of the underlying genetic architecture of type 2 diabetes has unveiled the most detailed look at the genetic differences that heighten a person’s risk for disease development.

NIDDK Grantee News

Jul 11, 2016

[Oregon Health and Science University; University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine] Human pancreatic islets of Langerhans contain five distinct endocrine cell types, each producing a characteristic hormone. The dysfunction or loss of the insulin-producing β cells causes diabetes mellitus, a disease that harms millions. Until now, β cells were generally regarded as a single, homogenous cell population.

NIDDK Grantee News

Jun 15, 2016

[New York University Langone Medical Center] The intestinal “microbiota,” that is, the community of microbes inhabiting the human intestinal tract, undergoes many changes during the first 2 years of life. Bokulich et al. now show that this pattern of development is altered in children who are delivered by cesarean section, fed formula, or treated with antibiotics, compared to those babies who were born vaginally, breast-fed, or unexposed to antibiotics.

NIDDK News Item

Jun 10, 2016

The AMP Type 2 Diabetes Knowledge Portal online library and discovery engine has greatly expanded data and search capabilities to accelerate the pace of scientific advancement.

NIDDK Grantee News

Jun 8, 2016

[Yale University School of Medicine] Obesity, insulin resistance and the metabolic syndrome are associated with changes to the gut microbiota; however, the mechanism by which modifications to the gut microbiota might lead to these conditions is unknown. Here we show that increased production of acetate by an altered gut microbiota in rodents leads to activation of the parasympathetic nervous system, which, in turn, promotes increased glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, increased ghrelin secretion, hyperphagia, obesity and related sequelae.

NIDDK Grantee News

Jun 7, 2016

[Colorado School of Public Health; University of Colorado School of Medicine] Poor maternal diet in pregnancy can influence fetal growth and development. We tested the hypothesis that poor maternal diet quality during pregnancy would increase neonatal adiposity (percent fat mass [%FM]) at birth by increasing the FM component of neonatal body composition.

NIDDK Grantee News

Jun 7, 2016

[The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard; Monash University] Although numerous polymorphisms have been associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), identifying the function of these genetic factors has proved challenging. Here we identified a role for nine genes in IBD susceptibility loci in antibacterial autophagy and characterized a role for one of these genes, GPR65, in maintaining lysosome function.

NIDDK Grantee News

Jun 7, 2016

[University of California San Diego] p62 is a ubiquitin-binding autophagy receptor and signaling protein that accumulates in premalignant liver diseases and most hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). Although p62 was proposed to participate in the formation of benign adenomas in autophagy-deficient livers, its role in HCC initiation was not explored.

NIDDK Grantee News

Jun 1, 2016

[Nationwide Children’s Hospital; University of New South Wales; Medical College of Wisconsin] Pediatric acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) and chronic pancreatitis (CP) are poorly understood. Kumar et al examined a multinational cross-sectional study of children for risk factors, abdominal pain, and disease burden associated with ARP and CP in childhood.

NIDDK Grantee News

May 27, 2016

[California Institute of Technology] Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with risk variants in the human genome and dysbiosis of the gut microbiome, though unifying principles for these findings remain largely undescribed. The human commensal Bacteroides fragilis delivers immunomodulatory molecules to immune cells via secretion of outer membrane vesicles (OMVs).