U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Behavioral Phenotyping of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior

Behavioral Phenotyping of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior

12/1/2015 12:00 AM
12/2/2015 12:00 AM
Yes
No
Bethesda
 
NIH Campus

Event Details

Background

Despite the well-established benefits of regular physical activity for health, well-being, and weight maintenance, less than 5 percent of U.S. adults meet the recommended guidelines for moderately vigorous physical activity. After decades of research and health promotion efforts (national campaigns, school-based programs, environmental changes), there remains considerable room for improvement. Even in research or community interventions that successfully promote physical activity, there is a wide range of individual-level response and often suboptimal maintenance of activity levels.
 
Understanding the individual characteristics and processes that predict and explain activity level, sustained engagement in physical activity, and sedentary behavior may reveal novel targets leading to subsequent individual- and/or population-level interventions. This 1.5-day workshop will focus on behavioral and psychological factors that predict or drive human physical activity and sedentary behavior in relation to energy expenditure and weight loss/management. The interaction of these factors with other determinants such as biophysiological responses to exercise, sociocultural factors, environmental factors, genetics, and developmental (childhood through older age) stage also will be discussed. The workshop will address both determinants of normal baseline PA/SB as well as responses to interventions targeting PA/SB in the context of weight management. The scope of interventions may range from individual-level, clinic-based models to population-level (i.e., workplace or health care organization) or environmental/policy changes. Particular emphasis will be placed on factors that might serve as effective targets for interventions leading to more sustainable increases in PA and reduction in sedentary behavior.​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​
 

Objectives

To understand and identify promising research opportunities in behavioral and psychological phenotyping related to variation in physical activity and sedentary behavior (PA/SB) in the context of obesity prevention and treatment or weight-loss maintenance. A behavioral or psychological phenotype is defined as a pattern of behavior or set of psychological characteristics that is measurable/quantifiable and distinct and thus explains individual variation. It is understood that a phenotype is the result of the combination of the environment and what is inherited. The goal of the workshop is to identify the behavioral and/or psychological expressions (phenotypes) of this interaction that meaningfully explain individual variability in physical activity and/or sedentary behavior, as well as response to prevention or treatment. The identification of these phenotypes should improve treatment matching or point toward novel targets for more efficacious individual and population-level approaches for weight management.

Workshop Co-chairs

John Jakicic, Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh; Angela Bryan, Ph.D., University of Colorado Boulder

Registration Deadline

November 15, 2015​

Agenda

Workshop Co-chairs: John Jakicic, Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh; Angela Bryan, Ph.D., University of Colorado Boulder

Objectives: To understand and identify promising research opportunities in behavioral and psychological phenotyping related to variation in physical activity and sedentary behavior (PA/SB) in the context of obesity prevention and treatment or weight loss maintenance. The meeting will focus on behavioral and psychological factors of interest, such as differences in overt PA/SB activity phenotypes, as well as psychological factors, such as cognitive, motivational/learning, and emotional/affective characteristics. The primary goal is to identify behavioral and psychological phenotypes that might lead to improved treatment matching and development of new and/or more effective weight management interventions.


Tuesday, December 1, 2015

8:30 a.m. – 8:45 a.m. Registration and Check-in
8:45 a.m. – 8:55 a.m. Welcome

Christine Hunter, Ph.D., National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), and Mary Evans, Ph.D., NIDDK
8:55 a.m. – 9:05 a.m. Introductory Remarks

Greg Germino, M.D.
Deputy Director, NIDDK

Overview Session

9:05 a.m. – 9:25 a.m. Workshop Overview

Angela Bryan, Ph.D., University of Colorado Boulder (Co-chair)
John Jakicic, Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh (Co-chair)
9:25 a.m. – 9:45 a.m. Genetic/Biological Determinants of Behavioral Regulation and Physical Activity

Molly Bray, Ph.D., The University of Texas at Austin
9:45 a.m. – 10:05 a.m. Behavioral and Psychological Phenotyping: Reinforcing Value of PA/SB

Leonard Epstein, Ph.D., University at Buffalo
10:05 a.m. – 10:25 a.m. Break
10:25 a.m. – 11:10 a.m. Moderated Panel Discussion

Moderator: Sue Yanovski, M.D., NIDDK

PA and SB in Youth: Behavioral and Psychological Phenotypes

11:10 a.m. – 11:30 a.m. Overview of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Youth

Penny Gordon-Larsen, Ph.D., The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
11:30 a.m. – 11:45 a.m. Development of Executive Function

Naomi Friedman, Ph.D., University of Colorado
11:45 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. Variation in Response to In-School Opportunities for Physical Activity

John Bartholomew, Ph.D., The University of Texas at Austin
12:00 p.m. – 1:00 p.m. Lunch
1:00 p.m. – 1:15 p.m. Habit Research in Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior

Ryan Rhodes, Ph.D., University of Victoria
1:15 p.m. – 2:00 p.m. Moderated Discussion with Speaker Panel

Moderator: Josephine Boyington, Ph.D., National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
2:00 p.m. – 2:15 p.m. Discussant

Brian Saelens, Seattle Children’s Research Institute

PA and SB in Adults: Behavioral and Psychological Phenotypes

2:15 p.m. – 2:35 p.m. Overview of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Adults

Bess Marcus, Ph.D., University of California at San Diego
2:35 p.m.– 3:50 p.m. Brain, Cognition, and Physical Activity

Cary Savage, Ph.D., University of Kansas Medical Center
2:50 p.m. – 3:10 p.m. Break
3:10 p.m.– 3:25 p.m. Integrating Acceptance and Commitment Principles into Physical Activity Promotion: Insights from the Third Wave of Behavioral Therapy

Meghan Butryn, Ph.D., Drexel University
3:25 p.m. – 3:40 p.m. Toward an Understanding of How and When Satisfaction Guides Maintained Physical Activity

Alex Rothman, Ph.D., University of Minnesota
3:40 p.m. – 3:55 p.m. Affect-Related Determinants of Exercise Behavior

David Williams, Ph.D., Brown University
3:55 p.m. – 4:40 p.m. Moderated Discussion with Speaker Panel

Moderator: Frank Perna, Ph.D., National Cancer Institute (NCI)
4:40 p.m. – 4:55 p.m. Discussant

James Hill, Ph.D., University of Colorado
4:55 p.m. – 5:00 p.m. Wrap-up and Instructions for Day 2

Christine Hunter, Ph.D., NIDDK, and Mary Evans, Ph.D., NIDDK

Wednesday, December 2, 2015

8:45 a.m. – 8:55 a.m. Welcome and Introductory Remarks

John Jakicic, Ph.D., and Angela Bryan, Ph.D.

PA and SB in Adults: Behavioral and Psychological Phenotypes

8:55 a.m. – 9:15 a.m. Overview of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Older Adults: a Biopsychosocial Environmental Perspective

Thomas Prohaska, Ph.D., George Mason University
9:15 a.m. – 9:30 a.m. Exercise Behavior and Older Adults: Challenges and Opportunities

Jack Rejeski, Ph.D., Wake Forest University
9:30 a.m. – 9:45 a.m. Using the Brain-as-Predictor Approach for Studying Adherence to Physical Activity

Kirk Erickson, Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh
9:45 a.m. – 10:00 a.m. Break
10:00 a.m. – 10:45 a.m. Moderated Discussion with Speaker Panel

Moderators: Lyndon Joseph, Ph.D., National Institute on Aging (NIA),
and Lisbeth Nielsen, Ph.D., NIA
10:45 a.m. – 11:00 a.m. Discussant

Wojtek J. Chodzko-Zajko, Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
11:00 a.m. – 11:55 a.m. Workshop Synthesis and Moderated Discussion
  • What issues are consistent across populations?
    • Is there an integration of key phenotypes across these populations?
    • Where are the differences/similarities in regard to PA and SB?
  • What issues are specific to various stages in the life course?
    • Within the broad integrative framework developed, are there components that should be more heavily focused on in particular populations?
  • What research opportunities/priorities emerged?
Moderators: Angela Bryan, Ph.D., John Jakicic, Ph.D., and Leonard Epstein, Ph.D.
11:55 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. Wrap-up

Christine Hunter, Ph.D., NIDDK, and Mary Evans, Ph.D., NIDDK

Directions/Travel

Hotel Accommodations

Hyatt Regency Bethesda
One Bethesda Metro Center
Bethesda, MD 20814
Phone: (301) 657-1234

Website:  http://bethesda.hyatt.com
(More hotel information can be obtained from this website.)

Government Room Rate

A limited block of sleeping rooms for meeting participants has been reserved at the Hyatt Regency Bethesda. The rate is the prevailing government rate of $177 per night for single occupancy, plus tax (13%). To reserve a hotel room at the group rate, call reservations at (301) 657-1234 and identify yourself as a member of the Behavioral Phenotyping of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Meeting or click on this link: to book your group. The room block will be in effect at the Government rate only until Friday, October 30, 2015, or until full, whichever comes first. Any room reservations received after this date will be accepted on a space and rate-availability basis.

Reservation Dates

Book arrival on Monday, November 30, 2015, and departure on Tuesday, December 1, 2015, or Wednesday, December 2, 2015. If you require alternate dates, please send an email to Mary Allen of The Scientific Consulting Group, Inc. (SCG) at mallen@scgcorp.com. Any alternate date requests will need to be approved through the NIDDK.

Check-in

Please be certain that the hotel provides you with a confirmation number for your reservation. After October 30, 2015, the official room block will be released, and the hotel may charge significantly higher rates and may be sold out. When making a reservation, please provide your room and bedding preferences. The hotel will assign specific room types at check-in, based on availability. Please be advised that requests are not guaranteed. Check-in time is 4:00 p.m., and checkout time is 12:00 p.m.

Cancellations

If you need to cancel your reservation, please do so by 4:00 p.m. on the day prior to arrival, or you will be charged a no-show fee for 1 night on your credit card.

NIH Visitor Information 

Information on visiting the NIH, campus maps, shuttle schedules, driving directions, security, and more can be found on the NIH Visitor Information page.

Minutes

There will be no minutes for this meeting.

Attendees

Attendees are currently unavailable.

Abstracts

Abstracts are currently unavailable.

Location

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  • Building 38A (Lister Hill Center Auditorium)
  • 8600 Rockville Pike
  • MD 20894
Webinar

Contacts

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