Eating, Diet, & Nutrition for Hemorrhoids

What should I eat if I have hemorrhoids?

Your doctor may recommend that you eat more foods that are high in fiber. Eating foods that are high in fiber can make stools softer and easier to pass and can help treat and prevent hemorrhoids. Drinking water and other liquids, such as fruit juices and clear soups, can help the fiber in your diet work better. Ask your doctor about how much you should drink each day based on your health and activity level and where you live.

The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends a dietary fiber intake of 14 grams per 1,000 calories consumed. For example, for a 2,000-calorie diet, the fiber recommendation is 28 grams per day.

The amount of fiber in a food is listed on the food’s nutrition facts label. Some fiber-rich foods are listed in the table below.

Fiber Rich Foods
Food and Portion Size Amount of Fiber
Grains
⅓‒¾ cup high-fiber bran, ready-to-eat cereal 9.1–14.3 grams
1‒1¼ cups of shredded wheat, ready-to-eat cereal 5.0–9.0 grams
1½ cups whole-wheat spaghetti, cooked 3.2 grams
1 small oat bran muffin 3.0 grams
Fruits
1 medium pear, with skin 5.5 grams
1 medium apple, with skin 4.4 grams
½ cup of raspberries 4.0 grams
½ cup of stewed prunes 3.8 grams
Vegetables
½ cup of green peas, cooked 3.5–4.4 grams
½ cup of mixed vegetables, cooked from frozen 4.0 grams
½ cup of collards, cooked 3.8 grams
1 medium sweet potato, baked in skin 3.8 grams
1 medium potato, baked, with skin 3.6 grams
½ cup of winter squash, cooked 2.9 grams
Beans
½ cup navy beans, cooked 9.6 grams
½ cup pinto beans, cooked 7.7 grams
½ cup kidney beans, cooked 5.7 grams

A doctor or dietitian can help you learn how to add more high-fiber foods to your diet.

Photo of high-fiber foods.
If you have hemorrhoids, your doctor may recommend eating more foods that are high in fiber.

What should I avoid eating if I have hemorrhoids?

If your hemorrhoids are caused by chronic constipation, try not to eat too many foods with little or no fiber, such as

  • cheese
  • chips
  • fast food
  • ice cream
  • meat
  • prepared foods, such as some frozen and snack foods
  • processed foods, such as hot dogs and some microwavable dinners
October 2016
Share

This content is provided as a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), part of the National Institutes of Health. The NIDDK translates and disseminates research findings through its clearinghouses and education programs to increase knowledge and understanding about health and disease among patients, health professionals, and the public. Content produced by the NIDDK is carefully reviewed by NIDDK scientists and other experts.

This information is not copyrighted. The NIDDK encourages people to share this content freely.