Eating, Diet, & Nutrition for Colon Polyps

What type of diet is best to prevent colon polyps?

Research suggests that the following changes may have health benefits and may lower your chances of developing colon polyps:

  • eating more fruits and vegetables
  • losing weight if you’re overweight
Person shopping for fruits and vegetables

Some research suggests that getting more calcium and vitamin D may lower your chances of developing polyps. Some foods rich in calcium are

  • milk
  • cheese
  • yogurt
  • broccoli

Foods that contain vitamin D include

  • eggs
  • liver
  • certain kinds of fish, such as salmon

Some companies add vitamin D to their milk and milk products. Also, being outside in the sunlight helps your body make vitamin D. You can also talk with your doctor about taking calcium or vitamin D supplements. For safety reasons, talk with your doctor before using dietary supplements or any other nonmainstream medicine together with or in place of the treatment your doctor prescribes.

What should I avoid eating to prevent colon polyps?

Research suggests that eating less of the following foods may have health benefits and may lower your chances of developing polyps:

  • fatty food
  • red meat, such as beef and pork
  • processed meat, such as bacon, sausage, hot dogs, and lunch meats
November 2014
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This content is provided as a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), part of the National Institutes of Health. The NIDDK translates and disseminates research findings through its clearinghouses and education programs to increase knowledge and understanding about health and disease among patients, health professionals, and the public. Content produced by the NIDDK is carefully reviewed by NIDDK scientists and other experts.