Behdad (Ben) Afzali, M.D., Ph.D., F.R.C.P., Stadtman Tenure-Track Investigator
Photo of Ben Afzali.
Scientific Focus Areas: Cell Biology, Immunology, Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Genetics and Genomics, Computational Biology

Publications

A selection of recent and significant publications can be viewed below.

Select Publications

Autocrine vitamin D signaling switches off pro-inflammatory programs of TH1 cells.
Chauss D, Freiwald T, McGregor R, Yan B, Wang L, Nova-Lamperti E, Kumar D, Zhang Z, Teague H, West EE, Vannella KM, Ramos-Benitez MJ, Bibby J, Kelly A, Malik A, Freeman AF, Schwartz DM, Portilla D, Chertow DS, John S, Lavender P, Kemper C, Lombardi G, Mehta NN, Cooper N, Lionakis MS, Laurence A, Kazemian M, Afzali B.
Nat Immunol (2022 Jan) 23:62-74. Abstract/Full Text
SARS-CoV-2 drives JAK1/2-dependent local complement hyperactivation.
Yan B, Freiwald T, Chauss D, Wang L, West E, Mirabelli C, Zhang CJ, Nichols EM, Malik N, Gregory R, Bantscheff M, Ghidelli-Disse S, Kolev M, Frum T, Spence JR, Sexton JZ, Alysandratos KD, Kotton DN, Pittaluga S, Bibby J, Niyonzima N, Olson MR, Kordasti S, Portilla D, Wobus CE, Laurence A, Lionakis MS, Kemper C, Afzali B, Kazemian M.
Sci Immunol (2021 Apr 7) 6. Abstract/Full Text
Diapedesis-Induced Integrin Signaling via LFA-1 Facilitates Tissue Immunity by Inducing Intrinsic Complement C3 Expression in Immune Cells.
Kolev M, West EE, Kunz N, Chauss D, Moseman EA, Rahman J, Freiwald T, Balmer ML, Lötscher J, Dimeloe S, Rosser EC, Wedderburn LR, Mayer-Barber KD, Bohrer A, Lavender P, Cope A, Wang L, Kaplan MJ, Moutsopoulos NM, McGavern D, Holland SM, Hess C, Kazemian M, Afzali B, Kemper C.
Immunity (2020 Mar 17) 52:513-527.e8. Abstract/Full Text
Human retinoic acid-regulated CD161+ regulatory T cells support wound repair in intestinal mucosa.
Povoleri GAM, Nova-Lamperti E, Scottà C, Fanelli G, Chen YC, Becker PD, Boardman D, Costantini B, Romano M, Pavlidis P, McGregor R, Pantazi E, Chauss D, Sun HW, Shih HY, Cousins DJ, Cooper N, Powell N, Kemper C, Pirooznia M, Laurence A, Kordasti S, Kazemian M, Lombardi G, Afzali B.
Nat Immunol (2018 Dec) 19:1403-1414. Abstract/Full Text
BACH2 immunodeficiency illustrates an association between super-enhancers and haploinsufficiency.
Afzali B, Grönholm J, Vandrovcova J, O'Brien C, Sun HW, Vanderleyden I, Davis FP, Khoder A, Zhang Y, Hegazy AN, Villarino AV, Palmer IW, Kaufman J, Watts NR, Kazemian M, Kamenyeva O, Keith J, Sayed A, Kasperaviciute D, Mueller M, Hughes JD, Fuss IJ, Sadiyah MF, Montgomery-Recht K, McElwee J, Restifo NP, Strober W, Linterman MA, Wingfield PT, Uhlig HH, Roychoudhuri R, Aitman TJ, Kelleher P, Lenardo MJ, O'Shea JJ, Cooper N, Laurence ADJ.
Nat Immunol (2017 Jul) 18:813-823. Abstract/Full Text

Additional Publications

The state of complement in COVID-19.
Afzali B, Noris M, Lambrecht BN, Kemper C.
Nat Rev Immunol (2022 Feb) 22:77-84. Abstract/Full Text
Mitochondrial C5aR1 activity in macrophages controls IL-1β production underlying sterile inflammation.
Niyonzima N, Rahman J, Kunz N, West EE, Freiwald T, Desai JV, Merle NS, Gidon A, Sporsheim B, Lionakis MS, Evensen K, Lindberg B, Skagen K, Skjelland M, Singh P, Haug M, Ruseva MM, Kolev M, Bibby J, Marshall O, O'Brien B, Deeks N, Afzali B, Clark RJ, Woodruff TM, Pryor M, Yang ZH, Remaley AT, Mollnes TE, Hewitt SM, Yan B, Kazemian M, Kiss MG, Binder CJ, Halvorsen B, Espevik T, Kemper C.
Sci Immunol (2021 Dec 24) 6:eabf2489. Abstract/Full Text
Host-Virus Chimeric Events in SARS-CoV-2-Infected Cells Are Infrequent and Artifactual.
Yan B, Chakravorty S, Mirabelli C, Wang L, Trujillo-Ochoa JL, Chauss D, Kumar D, Lionakis MS, Olson MR, Wobus CE, Afzali B, Kazemian M.
J Virol (2021 Jul 12) 95:e0029421. Abstract/Full Text
A functional map of genomic HIF1α-DNA complexes in the eye lens revealed through multiomics analysis.
Disatham J, Brennan L, Chauss D, Kantorow J, Afzali B, Kantorow M.
BMC Genomics (2021 Jul 3) 22:497. Abstract/Full Text
Fibroblast tissue priming-not so nice to C you!
Afzali B, Kemper C.
Immunity (2021 May 11) 54:847-850. Abstract/Full Text
MicroRNA-221 and -222 modulate intestinal inflammatory Th17 cell response as negative feedback regulators downstream of interleukin-23.
Mikami Y, Philips RL, Sciumè G, Petermann F, Meylan F, Nagashima H, Yao C, Davis FP, Brooks SR, Sun HW, Takahashi H, Poholek AC, Shih HY, Afzali B, Muljo SA, Hafner M, Kanno Y, O'Shea JJ.
Immunity (2021 Mar 9) 54:514-525.e6. Abstract/Full Text
BACH2 enforces the transcriptional and epigenetic programs of stem-like CD8+ T cells.
Yao C, Lou G, Sun HW, Zhu Z, Sun Y, Chen Z, Chauss D, Moseman EA, Cheng J, D'Antonio MA, Shi W, Shi J, Kometani K, Kurosaki T, Wherry EJ, Afzali B, Gattinoni L, Zhu Y, McGavern DB, O'Shea JJ, Schwartzberg PL, Wu T.
Nat Immunol (2021 Mar) 22:370-380. Abstract/Full Text
Aberrant type 1 immunity drives susceptibility to mucosal fungal infections.
Break TJ, Oikonomou V, Dutzan N, Desai JV, Swidergall M, Freiwald T, Chauss D, Harrison OJ, Alejo J, Williams DW, Pittaluga S, Lee CR, Bouladoux N, Swamydas M, Hoffman KW, Greenwell-Wild T, Bruno VM, Rosen LB, Lwin W, Renteria A, Pontejo SM, Shannon JP, Myles IA, Olbrich P, Ferré EMN, Schmitt M, Martin D, Genomics and Computational Biology Core., Barber DL, Solis NV, Notarangelo LD, Serreze DV, Matsumoto M, Hickman HD, Murphy PM, Anderson MS, Lim JK, Holland SM, Filler SG, Afzali B, Belkaid Y, Moutsopoulos NM, Lionakis MS.
Science (2021 Jan 15) 371. Abstract/Full Text
Renal diseases and the role of complement: Linking complement to immune effector pathways and therapeutics.
Freiwald T, Afzali B.
Adv Immunol (2021) 152:1-81. Abstract/Full Text
Epstein-Barr Virus Episome Physically Interacts with Active Regions of the Host Genome in Lymphoblastoid Cells.
Wang L, Laing J, Yan B, Zhou H, Ke L, Wang C, Narita Y, Zhang Z, Olson MR, Afzali B, Zhao B, Kazemian M.
J Virol (2020 Nov 23) 94. Abstract/Full Text
Interleukin-22 orchestrates a pathological endoplasmic reticulum stress response transcriptional programme in colonic epithelial cells.
Powell N, Pantazi E, Pavlidis P, Tsakmaki A, Li K, Yang F, Parker A, Pin C, Cozzetto D, Minns D, Stolarczyk E, Saveljeva S, Mohamed R, Lavender P, Afzali B, Digby-Bell J, Tjir-Li T, Kaser A, Friedman J, MacDonald TT, Bewick GA, Lord GM.
Gut (2020 Mar) 69:578-590. Abstract/Full Text
Integrated Pan-Cancer Map of EBV-Associated Neoplasms Reveals Functional Host-Virus Interactions.
Chakravorty S, Yan B, Wang C, Wang L, Quaid JT, Lin CF, Briggs SD, Majumder J, Canaria DA, Chauss D, Chopra G, Olson MR, Zhao B, Afzali B, Kazemian M.
Cancer Res (2019 Dec 1) 79:6010-6023. Abstract/Full Text
Complement receptor CD46 co-stimulates optimal human CD8+ T cell effector function via fatty acid metabolism.
Arbore G, West EE, Rahman J, Le Friec G, Niyonzima N, Pirooznia M, Tunc I, Pavlidis P, Powell N, Li Y, Liu P, Servais A, Couzi L, Fremeaux-Bacchi V, Placais L, Ferraro A, Walsh PR, Kavanagh D, Afzali B, Lavender P, Lachmann HJ, Kemper C.
Nat Commun (2018 Oct 10) 9:4186. Abstract/Full Text
STAT5B: A Differential Regulator of the Life and Death of CD4+ Effector Memory T Cells.
Majri SS, Fritz JM, Villarino AV, Zheng L, Kanellopoulou C, Chaigne-Delalande B, Grönholm J, Niemela JE, Afzali B, Biancalana M, Pittaluga S, Sun A, Cohen JL, Holland SM, O'Shea JJ, Uzel G, Lenardo MJ.
J Immunol (2018 Jan 1) 200:110-118. Abstract/Full Text
Unexpected Roles for Intracellular Complement in the Regulation of Th1 Responses.
West EE, Afzali B, Kemper C.
Adv Immunol (2018) 138:35-70. Abstract/Full Text
Anti-myeloperoxidase antibodies attenuate the monocyte response to LPS and shape macrophage development.
Popat RJ, Hakki S, Thakker A, Coughlan AM, Watson J, Little MA, Spickett CM, Lavender P, Afzali B, Kemper C, Robson MG.
JCI Insight (2017 Jan 26) 2:e87379. Abstract/Full Text
T helper 1 immunity requires complement-driven NLRP3 inflammasome activity in CD4⁺ T cells.
Arbore G, West EE, Spolski R, Robertson AAB, Klos A, Rheinheimer C, Dutow P, Woodruff TM, Yu ZX, O'Neill LA, Coll RC, Sher A, Leonard WJ, Köhl J, Monk P, Cooper MA, Arno M, Afzali B, Lachmann HJ, Cope AP, Mayer-Barber KD, Kemper C.
Science (2016 Jun 17) 352:aad1210. Abstract/Full Text
Developing in vitro expanded CD45RA+ regulatory T cells as an adoptive cell therapy for Crohn's disease.
Canavan JB, Scottà C, Vossenkämper A, Goldberg R, Elder MJ, Shoval I, Marks E, Stolarczyk E, Lo JW, Powell N, Fazekasova H, Irving PM, Sanderson JD, Howard JK, Yagel S, Afzali B, MacDonald TT, Hernandez-Fuentes MP, Shpigel NY, Lombardi G, Lord GM.
Gut (2016 Apr) 65:584-94. Abstract/Full Text
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) paralog dose governs T cell effector and regulatory functions.
Villarino A, Laurence A, Robinson GW, Bonelli M, Dema B, Afzali B, Shih HY, Sun HW, Brooks SR, Hennighausen L, Kanno Y, O'Shea JJ.
Elife (2016 Mar 21) 5. Abstract/Full Text
Impact of immunosuppressive drugs on the therapeutic efficacy of ex vivo expanded human regulatory T cells.
Scottà C, Fanelli G, Hoong SJ, Romano M, Lamperti EN, Sukthankar M, Guggino G, Fazekasova H, Ratnasothy K, Becker PD, Afzali B, Lechler RI, Lombardi G.
Haematologica (2016 Jan) 101:91-100. Abstract/Full Text
EZH2 is crucial for both differentiation of regulatory T cells and T effector cell expansion.
Yang XP, Jiang K, Hirahara K, Vahedi G, Afzali B, Sciume G, Bonelli M, Sun HW, Jankovic D, Kanno Y, Sartorelli V, O'Shea JJ, Laurence A.
Sci Rep (2015 Jun 19) 5:10643. Abstract/Full Text
Complement Regulates Nutrient Influx and Metabolic Reprogramming during Th1 Cell Responses.
Kolev M, Dimeloe S, Le Friec G, Navarini A, Arbore G, Povoleri GA, Fischer M, Belle R, Loeliger J, Develioglu L, Bantug GR, Watson J, Couzi L, Afzali B, Lavender P, Hess C, Kemper C.
Immunity (2015 Jun 16) 42:1033-47. Abstract/Full Text
Regulatory T-cell therapy in the induction of transplant tolerance: the issue of subpopulations.
Edozie FC, Nova-Lamperti EA, Povoleri GA, Scottà C, John S, Lombardi G, Afzali B.
Transplantation (2014 Aug 27) 98:370-9. Abstract/Full Text
Vitamin D in renal transplantation - from biological mechanisms to clinical benefits.
McGregor R, Li G, Penny H, Lombardi G, Afzali B, Goldsmith DJ.
Am J Transplant (2014 Jun) 14:1259-70. Abstract/Full Text
Intracellular complement activation sustains T cell homeostasis and mediates effector differentiation.
Liszewski MK, Kolev M, Le Friec G, Leung M, Bertram PG, Fara AF, Subias M, Pickering MC, Drouet C, Meri S, Arstila TP, Pekkarinen PT, Ma M, Cope A, Reinheckel T, Rodriguez de Cordoba S, Afzali B, Atkinson JP, Kemper C.
Immunity (2013 Dec 12) 39:1143-57. Abstract/Full Text
Thymic versus induced regulatory T cells - who regulates the regulators?
Povoleri GA, Scottà C, Nova-Lamperti EA, John S, Lombardi G, Afzali B.
Front Immunol (2013) 4:169. Abstract/Full Text