Eating, Diet, & Nutrition for GER & GERD in Children & Teens

How can diet help prevent or relieve GER or GERD in children and teens?

You can help a child or teen prevent or relieve their symptoms from gastroesophageal reflux (GER) or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) by changing their diet. He or she may need to avoid certain foods and drinks that make his or her symptoms worse. Other dietary changes that can help reduce the child or teen’s symptoms include

  • decreasing fatty foods
  • eating small, frequent meals instead of three large meals

What should a child or teen with GERD avoid eating or drinking?

He or she should avoid eating or drinking the following items that may make GER or GERD worse

  • chocolate
  • coffee
  • peppermint
  • greasy or spicy foods
  • tomatoes and tomato products

What can a child or teen eat if they have GERD?

Eating healthy and balanced amounts of different types of foods is good for your child or teen’s overall health. For more information about eating a balanced diet, visit Choose My Plate.

If your child or teen is overweight or obese, talk with a doctor or dietitian about dietary changes that can help with losing weight and decreasing the GERD symptoms.

April 2015

This content is provided as a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), part of the National Institutes of Health. The NIDDK translates and disseminates research findings to increase knowledge and understanding about health and disease among patients, health professionals, and the public. Content produced by the NIDDK is carefully reviewed by NIDDK scientists and other experts.